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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  • If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.

Author Guidelines

Interested authors are required to submit their paper. The length must not exceed 20 pages. Author should declare that she/he has not submitted the paper elsewhere for publication. Any manuscript, which does not conform to the required format, may be returned for necessary revision before publication.


General Instructions

  1. All manuscripts should be submitted electronically to the managing editor through the OJS system at https://publisher.unimas.my/ojs/index.php/URAF/about/submissions#onlineSubmissions
  2. The soft copy must be at least in Microsoft Office 97 (PC Version).Please make sure it is virus-free.
  3. Allow top margins of 1.25" (3.2 cm) first page and 0.75" (1.9 cm) the following pages, bottom margin of 1.44" (3.7 cm) left margin of 0.63" (1.6 cm) and right margin of 0.63" (1.6 cm).
  4. Type single-spaced text and allow for a double spacing between paragraphs.
  5. The paper should include: title, author's name(s), affiliation and present address, acknowledgement, abstract (200 words maximum), an introduction, content, a conclusion, and a reference section.
  6. Acknowledgement and information on grant received should be given before the references. Important formulae (displayed), figures and tables should be numbered consecutively throughout the manuscript.


  1. Use font type Times New Roman.
  2. Use font size 14 bold for the title.
  3. Use font size 13 for the author's and affiliation names and addresses.
  4. Use font size 12 for the text which include abstract, body, references and acknowledgement.


  1. Major headings should be centred in the column. Use capital letters.
  2. Subheadings should be set in italics, bold and aligned to the left-hand margin of the column on a separate line.

Tables and Figures

  1. Use font size 10.
  2. The charts and graphs must be centred and tittle should be at the top.
  3. Number all tables and figures with Arabic numerals in the order in which the tables are first mentioned in text.
  4. The illustrations and photographs must be centred.
  5. Capitalise captions.

End Notes

  1. Endnotes should be kept to a minimum.
  2. Use single spacing and font size 10.

References should be complete and follow the APA Style. Examples:

For Periodicals
Mathews, J. A. (1998). Fashioning a new Korean model out of the crisis: The rebuilding of institutional capabilities. Cambridge Journal of Economics, 22(1), 747-759.
For Books/Monographs
Mintzberg, H. (1979). The Structuring of Organisations. New York: Prentice Hall.
For Contributions to Collective Works
MacKinnon, J. (1991). Critical values for cointegration tests. In R. F. Engle & C. W. J. Granger (Eds.), Long-run economic relationship: Readings in cointegration (pp. 267-276). New York: Oxford University Press.

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