Issues Occurrence of Career Success Among Female Engineers

  • Amalia Madihie Faculty of Cognitive of Sciences and Human Development, UNIMAS
  • Rose Amira Siman Faculty of Cognitive of Sciences and Human Development, UNIMAS
Keywords: Female engineers, construction industry, career success, work-life balance, gender stereotyping

Abstract

This research aims to identify the issues among female engineers in the perspective of their career success. The issues that were identified are work-life balance, gender stereotyping and slow progression on the career success. The research design is a qualitative approach by in-depth interview. The research design which consisted of ten items aimed to explore female engineers’ satisfaction of working in the construction industry, unequal employment in the workplace, persistent problems in managing work-life balance, the role of gender in developing career success and also factors that positively and negatively affect the retention of female engineers in the construction industry. Five participants were recruited from various construction companies in Malaysia. Four of them were interviewed via phone calls and one via electronic mail. The findings from this research show that work-life balance issue is the main issue. Other issues include gender stereotype, nature of work and the competition among male and female engineers. From these findings, one recommendation is that the top management of an organization can provide full support to the employees so that they can be more productive in the workplace and are able to balance their work and non-work responsibilities.

 

References

Altucher, K., & Williams, L. (2003). Family clocks: Timing parenthood. In P. Moen (Ed.), It’s about time: Couples and careers (pp. 49–59). Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.

Dainty, A., Neale, R., & Bagilhole, B. (2000). Comparison of men’s and women’s career in UK construction industry. ASCE Journal of Profes-sional Issues in Engineering Education and Practice, 126(3), 110-114.

Dainty, A. R. J., & Lingard, H. (2006). Indirect discrimination in construc-tion organizations and the impact on women’s career. Journal of Man-agement in Engineering, 22(3), 108-118.

Department of Statistics, Malaysia. (2012). Labour force survey report. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

English, J., Haupt, T. C., & Smallwood, J. J. (2006). Women, construction and health and safety (H&S): South African and Tanzanian perspectives. Journal of Engineering, Design and Technology, 4(1), 18-28.

European Foundation for the Improve-ment of Living and Working Condi-tions. (2007). Gender and career development. Retrieved from http://www.eif.gov.cy/mlsi/dl/genderequali-ty.nsf/0/88AC670378588FC3C22579A50037C8AE/$file/gender_and_career_development-eiro.pdf

Farah Mukhtar. (2012). Work life bal-ance and job satisfaction among faculty at Iowa State University. Retrieved from Graduate Theses and Dissertations. (Paper 12791).

Fernando, N. G., Amaratunga, D., & Haigh, R. (2014). The career ad-vancement of the professional women in the UK construction in-dustry. Journal of Engineering, Design and Technology, 12(1), 53-70.

Fielden, S. L., Davidsn, M. J., Gale, A., & Davey, C. L. (2001). Women, equality and construction. Journal of Management Development, 20(4), 293-305.

Fouad, N. A., Romila Sigh, Fitzpatrick, M. E., & Liu, J. P. (2012). Stem-ming the tide: Why women leave engineering (Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation). University of Wis-consin-Milwaukee, Milwaukee, Wisconsin.

Heilman, M. E. (2001). Description and prescription: how gender stereo-types prevent women’s ascent up the organizational ladder. Journal of Social Issues, 57(4), pp. 657-674.

Husna Johari, Norsiah Mat, Norazwa Mat, Siti Norezam Othman, & Aini Hayati Mohamed. (2013). Exploring career success among female engineers: the Malaysian case. In-ternational Journal of Education and Research, 1(11), 1-8.

Kolade, O. J., & Kehinde, O. (2013). Glass ceiling and women career ad-vancement: Evidence from Nigeria construction Industry. Iranian Journal of Management Studies, 6(1), 79-99.

Kyriakidou, O. (2011). Negotiating gen-dered identities through the process of identity construction. Equality, Diversity and Inclusion: An International Journal, 31(1), 27-42.

Madegwa, L. (2011). Challenges of career development faced by women in senior management in the civil service in Kenya. (Unpublished master’s thesis). University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya.

Maimunah Ismail, M., & Mariani Ibra-him, M. (2008). Barriers to career progression faced by women: Evi-dence from a Malaysian multina-tional oil company. Gender in Man-agement: An International Journal, 23(1), 51-66.

Miguel, M. M. (1993). Individual defini-tions of career success: at odds with organizational and social definitions. Career Development Interna-tional, 9(6), 595-608.

Ministry of Women, Family and Com-munity Development (MWFCD), & United Nation Development Pro-gramme (UNDP). (2014). Study to support the development of national policies and programmes to increase and retain the participation of women in the Malaysian labour force: Key findings and recommendations. Putrajaya, Malaysia.

Reynolds, L. E. (2005). Surrendering the dream: Early career conflict and faculty dissatisfaction thresholds. Journal of Career Development, 32(2), 107-121.

Salman Azhar., & Amos Griffin, M. K. (2014, March). Women in construction: Successes, challenges and opportunities – A USACE case study. Paper presented at the 50th Associated Schools of Construction Annual International Conference Pro-ceedings, Blacksburg, Virginia.

Siti Hanisah Tapsir, & Norliza Mohd Noor. (2015). Female engineers in Malaysia. Retrieved from http://dspace.unimap.edu.my/ dspace/bitstream/123456789/ 13814/1/ Wom-en%20Engineers%20in%20Malaysia.pdf

Smith, S. A. (1991). Sources of earnings inequality in the black and white female labor forces. The Sociologi-cal Quarterly, 32(1), 117-138.

Srivastava, A. (1992). A case study wid-ening access to construction higher education. (Unpublished doctoral thesis). Leeds Metropolitan University, Leeds, England.

Tharenou, P. (1999). Gender Differences in Advancing to the Top. Oxford, England: Blackwell Publishers Ltd.

Thurasamy, R., Lo, May-Chiun. A., Am-ri, Y., & Noor, N. (2011). An analy-sis of career advancement among engineers in manufacturing organi-zations. International Journal of Commerce and Management, 21(2), 143-157.

Thompson, C. A., Beauvais, L. L., & Lyness, K. S. (1999). When work-family benefits are not enough: The influence of work-family culture on benefits utilization, organizational attachment, and work-family con-flict. Journal of Vocational Behaviour, 54(1), 392-415.

Published
2016-09-01
How to Cite
Madihie, A., & Siman, R. A. (2016). Issues Occurrence of Career Success Among Female Engineers. Journal of Cognitive Sciences and Human Development, 2(1), 24-36. https://doi.org/10.33736/jcshd.359.2016