The Effects of Parental Attachment on Personality Traits
This study aims to identify parental attachment's effects on trainee counsellors' personality traits in the Universiti of Malaysia Sarawak UNIMAS. This research adopted a correlational research design. The respondents were 209 trainee counsellors from the Counselling Program, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak UNIMAS. Two questionnaires were used in this study: The Inventory of Parents and Peer Attachment (IPPA) and the Big Five Personality. The findings indicated a significant relationship between Parents Communication, Attachment and Extraversion and the Agreeableness Trait of Personality. It also showed a significant relationship between Parents Communication Attachment and Extraversion, Agreeableness and Conscientiousness. We also found a significant relationship between Parents' Alienation Attachment and Conscientiousness, Neuroticism and Openness. The study informs society about the need to increase awareness about the importance of knowing attachment styles and personality traits as both impact individuals' lives..
Alomeroglu, E., Guney, S., Sundu, M., Yasar, O., & Akyurek, S. (2017). The relationship between
five-factor personalities and alienation to the work of nurses in teaching and research
hospitals. Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science and Technology Education, 14, 117-122.
Arbona C, Power TG. (2003). Parental attachment, self-esteem, and antisocial behaviours among
African American, European American, and Mexican American adolescent. Journal of
Counselling Psychology, 50, 40-51. http://dx.doi.org/10. 1037/0022-0167.50. 1.40
Bahar, H. (2010). The effects of gender perceived social support and sociometrist status on
academic success. Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences, 2, 3801-3805.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/ j. sbspro.2010.03.593
Berant, E., & Obegi, J. H. (2009). Attachment-informed psychotherapy research with adults. In
J.H. Obegi & E. Berant (Eds.), Attachment theory and research in clinical work with adults (pp.
-469). New York: Guilford Press.
Blustein, D. L., Walbridge, M. M., Friedlander, M. L., & Palladino, D. E. (1991). Contributions
of psychological separation and parental attachment to the career development process. Journal of
Counselling Psychology, 38, 39-50.
Bourdieu, P. (1987). “Los tres estados del capital cultural.” Revista Sociológica, 5, 11-17
Bowlby J. (1982). Attachment and Loss. Volume 1: Attachment. 2nd eds. New York: Basic Books.
Coleman, J. S. (2000). “Social Capital in the creation of human capital.” Pp. 13-40 I Social Capital:
A Multifaceted Perspective, edited by Partha Dasgupta and Ismail Serageldin. Washington: World
Costa, P. T. & McCrae, R. R. (1992). NEO Personality Inventory professional manual. Odessa,
FL: Psychological Assessment Resources
Cyranowski, J.M., Bookwala, J., Feske, U., Houck, P., Pilkonis, P., Kostelnik, B., & Frank, E.
(2002). Adult attachment profiles, interpersonal difficulties, and response to interpersonal
psychotherapy in women with recurrent major depression. Journal of Social and Clinical
Psychology, 21, 191-217. DOI: 10.1521/jscp.22.214.171.12414.
Dozier, M. (1990). Attachment organisation and treatment used for adults with a serious
psychological disorder. Development and Psychopathology, 2, 47-60.
East PL, Rook KS. Compensatory patterns of support among children’s peer relationships. A test
using school friends, non-school friends, and siblings. (1992). Development of Psychology, 28,
-172. http://dx. doi.org/10.1037/0012-16126.96.36.199
Eigen, C. A., Hartman, B. W., & Hartman, P. T. (1987). Relations between family interaction
patterns and career indecision. Psychological Reports, 60, 87-94.
Fass ME, Tubman JG. (2002). The influence of parental and peer attachment on college students’
academic achievement. Psychology in the School, 39, 561-573.
Felsman, D. E., & Blustein, D. L. (1999). The role of peer relatedness in late adolescent career
development. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 54, 279-295.
Frentz C, Gresham FM, Elliot SN. (1991). Popular, controversial, neglected and rejected
adolescents: Contrasts of social competence and achievement difference. Journal of School
Psychology, 29, 109-120.
Gemeay, E. M., Ahmed, E. S., Ahmad, E. R., & Al-Mahmoud, S. A. (2015). Effect of parents and
peer attachment on academic achievement of late adolescent nursing students-A comparative
study. Journal of Nursing Education and Practice, 5, 96-105
Ghadampour, E., Khodarahimi, S., Rahmian Bougar, M., & Nahaboo, S. (2020). Single Mothers’
Attachment Styles and Personality Influences on Child Psychopathology. The American Journal
of Family Therapy, 48, 1-16.
Guay, F., Senécal, C., Gauthier, L., & Fernet, C. (2003). Predicting career indecision: A selfdetermination theory perspective. Journal of Counselling Psychology, 50, 165-177.
Guerra, A. L. & Braungart-Rieker, J. M. (1999). Predicting career indecision in college students:
The roles of identity formation and parental relationship factors. The Career Development
Quarterly, 47, 255-266.
G.W. F Hegel. (2007). Hegel’s Philosophy of Mind. Trans. W.Wallace and A.V Miller, 2nd ed.
Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Hassan, N., Sumardi, N. A., & Aziz, R. A. (2019). The Influence of Personality Traits on
Klaus MH, Kennell JH. (1976). Maternal-Infant Bonding: The Impact of Early Separation or Loss
on Family Development. St Louis: Mosby.
Krupić, D., Ručević, S., & Vučković, S. (2020). From parental personality over parental styles to
children's psychopathic tendencies. Current Psychology, 1-10.
Lease, S. H., & Dahlbeck, D. T. (2009). Parental influences, career decision making attributions,
and self-efficacy. Journal of Career Development, 36, 95-113.
Liem, Joan H. Boudewyn, Arne C. (1999). "Contextualising the effects of childhood sexual abuse
on adult self-and social functioning: an attachment theory perspective". Child Abuse & Neglect,
MEC. (2010). Pisa 2009. Informe Español. Madrid: Ministerio de Educación y Ciencia.
Nachmias, M., Gunnar, M., Mangelsdorf, S., Parritz, R. H., & Buss, K. (1996). Behavioural
inhibition and stress reactivity: The moderating role of attachment security. Child Development,
Nickerson A, Nagle R. (2004). The influence of parents and peer attachments on life satisfaction
in middle childhood and early adolescence. Social Indicators Research, 66, 35-60
http://dx.doi.org/10. 1023/B: S0CI. 0000007496. 2095.2c
Noftle, E. E., & Shaver, P. R. (2006). Attachment dimensions and the big five personality traits:
Associations and comparative ability to predict relationship quality. Journal of research in
personality, 40, 179-208.
OECD. (2008). Education at a Glance. Paris: OECD.
O’Brien, K., Friedman, S. C., Tipton, L. C., & Linn, S. G. (2000). Attachment, separation, and
women’s vocational development: A longitudinal analysis. Journal of Counselling Psychology,
Pearson JC, Child JTA. Cross-cultural comparison of parental and peer attachment styles among
adult children from the United States, Puerto Rico, and India. WCA 2007 Conference, Brisbane,
Scott, D. J., & Church, A. T. (2001). Separation/attachment theory and career decidedness and
commitment: Effects of parental divorce. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 58, 328-347.
Taylor, S. E., Repetti, R. L., & Seeman, T. E. (1997). Health psychology: What is an unhealthy
environment and how does it get under the skin? Annual Review of Psychology, 48, 411-447.
Thompson, E.R. (October 2008). "Development and Validation of an International English BigFive Mini-Markers". Personality and Individual Differences, 45, 542-548.
Waters E, Cummings EM. (2000). A secure base from which to explore close relationships. Child
Development, 71, 164–72.
Copyright Transfer Statement for Journal
1) In signing this statement, the author(s) grant UNIMAS Publisher an exclusive license to publish their original research papers. The author(s) also grant UNIMAS Publisher permission to reproduce, recreate, translate, extract or summarize, and to distribute and display in any forms, formats, and media. The author(s) can reuse their papers in their future printed work without first requiring permission from UNIMAS Publisher, provided that the author(s) acknowledge and reference publication in the Journal.
2) For open access articles, the author(s) agree that their articles published under UNIMAS Publisher are distributed under the terms of the CC-BY-NC-SA (Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-Share Alike 4.0 International License) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, for non-commercial purposes, provided the original work of the author(s) is properly cited.
3) For subscription articles, the author(s) agree that UNIMAS Publisher holds copyright, or an exclusive license to publish. Readers or users may view, download, print, and copy the content, for academic purposes, subject to the following conditions of use: (a) any reuse of materials is subject to permission from UNIMAS Publisher; (b) archived materials may only be used for academic research; (c) archived materials may not be used for commercial purposes, which include but not limited to monetary compensation by means of sale, resale, license, transfer of copyright, loan, etc.; and (d) archived materials may not be re-published in any part, either in print or online.
4) The author(s) is/are responsible to ensure his or her or their submitted work is original and does not infringe any existing copyright, trademark, patent, statutory right, or propriety right of others. Corresponding author(s) has (have) obtained permission from all co-authors prior to submission to the journal. Upon submission of the manuscript, the author(s) agree that no similar work has been or will be submitted or published elsewhere in any language. If submitted manuscript includes materials from others, the authors have obtained the permission from the copyright owners.
5) In signing this statement, the author(s) declare(s) that the researches in which they have conducted are in compliance with the current laws of the respective country and UNIMAS Journal Publication Ethics Policy. Any experimentation or research involving human or the use of animal samples must obtain approval from Human or Animal Ethics Committee in their respective institutions. The author(s) agree and understand that UNIMAS Publisher is not responsible for any compensational claims or failure caused by the author(s) in fulfilling the above-mentioned requirements. The author(s) must accept the responsibility for releasing their materials upon request by Chief Editor or UNIMAS Publisher.
6) The author(s) should have participated sufficiently in the work and ensured the appropriateness of the content of the article. The author(s) should also agree that he or she has no commercial attachments (e.g. patent or license arrangement, equity interest, consultancies, etc.) that might pose any conflict of interest with the submitted manuscript. The author(s) also agree to make any relevant materials and data available upon request by the editor or UNIMAS Publisher.