The Relationship Between Working Environment and Employee Performance

  • Nur Shifaa Athirah Saidi UNIMAS
  • Florianna Lendai Michael UNIMAS
  • Helmi Sumilan UNIMAS
  • Sheilla Lim Omar Lim UNIMAS
  • Victoria Jonathan UNIMAS
  • Hana Hamidi UNIMAS
  • Abg Izhar Abg Ahmad UNIMAS


A positive working environment is vital in ensuring employee productivity to avoid unnecessary stress to the employees thus affecting their work performances. There are several working environment factors that contributed towards job satisfaction. Hence, this study aimed to investigate the relationship between the working environment and employee performance based on five dimensions of the working environment. The quantitative survey design was utilized in this study and data were collected by using questionnaires. The respondents of this study were administrators from different departments in a local municipality located in Kuching. The data were analysed by using Pearson’s Correlation Analysis to measure the relationship between the variables. The finding shows there is a significant relationship between the working environment and employee performance. Support from supervisor was found to be the dominant variables in ensuring a positive working environment.      


Keywords: Working environment; Employee performance; Municipality; Human resource; Health  


Ariani, D. W. (2015). Relationship with supervisor and co-workers, psychological condition and employee engagement in the workplace. Journal of Business and Management, 4(3), 34-47.

Bojadjiev, M., Petkovska, M. S., Misoska, A. T., & Stojanovska, J. (2015). Perceived Work Environment and Job Satisfaction Among Public Administration Employees/Percepcija Radnog Okruženja I Zadovoljstva Poslom Među Zaposlenima U Državnoj Upravi. The European Journal of Applied Economics, 12(1), 10-18.

Breau, M., & Rhéaume, A. (2014). The relationship between empowerment and work environment on job satisfaction, intent to leave, and quality of care among ICU nurses. Dynamics, 25(3), 16-24.

Brown, T., & McNamara, O. (2011). Becoming a mathematics teacher: Identity and identifications (Vol. 53). Springer Science & Business Media.

Chandrasekar, K. (2011). Workplace environment and its impact on organisational performance in public sector organisations. International journal of enterprise computing and business systems, 1(1), 1-19.

Dawal, S. Z. M., & Taha, Z. (2006). The effect of job and environmental factors on job satisfaction in automotive industries. International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics, 12(3), 267-280.

Gayathiri, R., Ramakrishnan, L., Babatunde, S. A., Banerjee, A., & Islam, M. Z. (2013). Quality of work life–Linkage with job satisfaction and performance. International Journal of Business and Management Invention, 2(1), 1-8.

Gerstner, C. R., & Day, D. V. (1997). Meta-Analytic review of leader–member exchange theory: Correlates and construct issues. Journal of applied psychology, 82(6), 827.

Awan, A. G., & Tahir, M. T. (2015). Impact of working environment on employee’s productivity: A case study of Banks and Insurance Companies in Pakistan. European Journal of Business and Management, 7(1), 329-345.

Golden, L. (2012). The effects of working time on productivity and firm performance, research synthesis paper. International Labor Organization (ILO) Conditions of Work and Employment Series, (33).

Henly, J. R., & Lambert, S. (2010). Schedule flexibility and unpredictability in retail: Implications for employee work-life Outcomes. Retrieved from University of Chicago website: http://www. ssa. uchicago. edu/faculty/Henly. Lambert. Unpredictability. and. work-life. outcomes. pdf.

Jain, R., & Kaur, S. (2014). Impact of work environment on job satisfaction. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, 4(1), 1-8.

Khamisa, N., Oldenburg, B., Peltzer, K., & Ilic, D. (2015). Work related stress, burnout, job satisfaction and general health of nurses. International journal of environmental research and public health, 12(1), 652-666.

Probst, T. M., & Brubaker, T. L. (2001). The effects of job insecurity on employee safety outcomes: Cross-sectional and longitudinal explorations. Journal of occupational health psychology, 6(2), 139.

Razak, A., Jaafar, M., Abdullah, S. and Muhammad, S. (2019). [online] Available at: [Accessed 28 Mar. 2019].

Raziq, A., & Maulabakhsh, R. (2015). Impact of working environment on job satisfaction. Procedia Economics and Finance, 23, 717-725.

Rizwan, M., & Mukhtar, A. (2014). Preceding to employee satisfaction and turnover intention. International Journal of Human Resources Studies, 4(3), 87–106. Retrieved from

Sun, X. (2016). Psychological Empowerment on Job Performance - Mediating Effect of Job Satisfaction. Psychology, 7(4), 584–590. https://doi. org/10.4236/psych.2016.74060

Venkataramani, V., Labianca, G. J., & Grosser, T. (2013). Positive and negative workplace relationships, social satisfaction, and organizational attachment. Journal of applied psychology, 98(6), 1028.

Vischer, J. C. (2007). The effects of the physical environment on job performance: towards a theoretical model of workspace stress. Stress and health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress, 23(3), 175-184.