The Relationship Between Workers’ Health and Night Shift Work in Food Franchise Industry in Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia

  • Siew Wui Long
  • Florianna Lendai Michael
  • Hana Hamidi

Abstract

Shift work alters workers exposure to natural and artificial light, sleep patterns, and feeding patterns. Among other working population, shift workers are at a greater risk of developing metabolic impairments over time. Hence, this study aimed to study the relationship between workers’ health and night shift work in food franchise industry in Kuching, Sarawak. The independent variables are sleep pattern, mental health, psychological well-being, circadian rhythm, and insomnia, while the dependent variable is night shift work. Questionnaires were distributed using convenience sampling techniques and a total of 59 questionnaires were collected.  Pearson Correlations test. showed that there is a significant relationship between workers’ health and night shift work. The implications on this research shows that there are more researches on the mitigation of health risk on shift workers.

 Keywords: Night shift work; sleep pattern; mental health; psychological; circadian rhythm; insomnia

References

Åkerstedt, T. (2003). Shift work and disturbed sleep/wakefulness. Occupational medicine, 53(2), 89-94.

American Academy of Sleep Medicine. (2008). Circadian rhythm sleep disorders. Sleep, 30(11), 484–501.

Balch, O. (2015, October 28). A hard day’s night: the hidden health risks of working the night shift. The Guardian.

Barnett, R. C. & Hyde, J. S. (2001). Women, men, work, and family: an expansionist theory. American Psychologist, 56(10), 781-796.

Belcher, R., Gumenyuk, V., & Roth, T. (2015). Insomnia in shift work disorder relates to occupational neurophysiological impairment. Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine, 11(4), 457- 465.

Berthelsen, M., Pallesen, S., Mageroy, N., Tyssen, R., Bjorvatn, B., Moen, B. E. & Knardahl, S. (2015). Effects of psychological and social factors in shiftwork on symptoms of anxiety and depression in nurses: a 1-year follow-up. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 57, 1127-37.

Bjorvatn. B., Stangenes, K., Oyane, N., Forberg, K., Lowden, A., Holsten, F., & Akerstedt, T. (2006). Subjective and objective measures of adaptation and readaptation to night work on an oil rig in the North Sea. Sleep, 29, 821-9.

Chen, Y. M., Hung, H. C., & Wu, M.T. (2012). Atypical work schedules are associated with poor sleep quality and mental health in Taiwan female nurses. International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, 85, 877-884.

Cheng W. & Cheng Y. (2016). Night shift and rotating shift in association with sleep problems, burnout and minor mental disorder in male and female employees. Occupational and Environmental Medicine. 74(7), 483-488.

Conway PM, Campanini P, Sartori S, Dotti R, Costa G. (2008). Main and interactive effects of shiftwork, age and work stress on health in an Italian sample of healthcare workers. Applied Ergonomics, 39(5), 630-639.

Doyle, A. (2017, April 17). Types of work schedules. The Balance Careers.

Driesen K, Jansen NW, van Amelsvoort LG, Kant I. (2011). The mutual relationship between shift work and depressive complaints – a prospective cohort study. Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health. 37(5), 402-410.

Ferguson, S. A., Kennaway, D.J., Baker, A., Lamond, N., & Dawson, D. (2012). Sleep and circadian rhythms in mining operators: limited evidence of adaptation to night shifts. Applied Ergonomics, 43(4), 695-701.

Folkard S., & Tucker P. (2003). Shift work, safety and productivity. Society of Occupational Medicine, 53(2), 95- 101.

Golombek D.A. & Rosenstein R.E. (2010). Physiology of circadian entrainment. Physiological Reviews. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/ pubmed/20664079

Golombek, D. A. & Rosenstein, R. E. (2010). Physiology of circadian entrainment. Physiological Reviews.

International Labour office Geneva. (2004). Shift work. Conditions of Work and Employment Programme. International Labour Organization. Retrieved from http://cite.gov.pt/pt/destaques/ complementosDestqs/integrar_saude.pdf

Kang M.Y., Kwong H.J., Choi K.H., Kang C.W., & Kim H. (2017). The relationship between shift work and mental health among electronics workers in South Korea: A cross- sectional study. Plos One. 12(11), e0188019.

Khan A. (2014, October 17). How to survive the night shift. Huffpost. Retrieve from https://www.huffpost.com/entry/night-shift-health-survive_n_5985718

Kobayashi, T., Kageyama, T., Kaneko, S., & Tanaka, M. (2002). A cross sectional survey on insomnia and depressive symptoms in Japanese male shift workers with various shit patterns. The Journal of Yamaguchi Prefectural University of Nursing, 6, 21-7.

Mahathevan, R. (1982). Overview of shift work in developing countries. Journal of Human Ergology. 11, 139-145.

Nakata, A., Haratani, T., Takahashi, M., Kawakami, N., Arito, H., Fujioka, Y. (2001). Job stress, social support at work, and insomnia in Japanese shift workers. Journal of Human Ergology, 30, 203-209.

National Sleep Foundation. (2017). Living and coping with shift work disorder. Retrieved from https://www.sleepfoundation.org/shift-work/content/living-coping-shift-work-disorder

National Sleep Foundation. (2018). Sleep drive and your body clock. Sleep. Retrieved from https://www.sleepfoundation.org/sleep-topics/sleep-drive-and-your-body-clock

Natvik S., Bjorvatn B., Moen B.E., Magerøy N., Sivertsen B., Pallesen S. (2011). Personality factors related to shift work tolerance in two-and three-shift workers. Applied Ergonimics, 42, 719-724.

Nilamsari, N., Prasetya, T. A. E., & Fitriani, N. (2017). Factors Associated With Blood Pressure on Shift Workers and Non-shirft Worker. International Journal of Health Medicine and Current Research, 2(3), 493-502.

Paolo, F., Matteo, G., Luigi, M., Sara, B., Daniela, M., & Rosaria, L. (2016). The impact of shift work on the psychological and physical health of nurse in a general hospital: a comparison between rotating night shifts and day shifts. Risk Management and Healthcare Policy. 9, 203-211.

Rahman S.A., Marcu S., Kayumov L., Shapiro C.M. (2010). Altered sleep architecture and higher incidence of subsyndromal depression in low endogenous melatonin secretors. European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience, 260(4), 327-335.

Ruggiero, J. S. (2005). Health, work variables and job satisfaction among nurses. Journal of Nursing Administration, 35, 254-263.

Saksvik-Lehouillier I., Bjorvatn B., Hetland H., Sandal G.M., Moen B.E., Magerøy N., Harvey A., Costa G. & Pallesen S. (2012). Personality factors predicting changes in shift work tolerance: a longitudinal study among nurses working rotating shifts. Work and Stress, 26(2), 143-160.

Saunders, R. (2010, April 22). Shift work and health: what is the research telling us?. Institute for Work and Health. Retrieved from https://www.iwh.on.ca/ newsletters/at-work/60/shift-work-and-health-what-is-research-telling-us

Sergio A.U., Francisco A., & Boris, E. C. (2017). Shift work and mental health problems in vulnerable occupational groups. EC Psychology and Psychiatry, 3(2), 25-27.

Tahghighi, M., Rees, C. S., Brown, J. A., Breen, L. J. & Hegney, D. (2017). What is the impact of night shift work on the psychological functioning and resilience of nurses? An integrative review. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 73(9), 2065-2083.

Tan, S. C. (2011, March 27). Sleep interrupted. The Star Online. Costa, G. (2010). Shift work and health: current problems and preventive actions. Safety and Health at Work, 1(2), 112-123. Harrington, J. M. (2001). Health effects of shift work and extended hours of work. Occupational and Environmental Medicine 58, 68-72.

Treadwell, L (2017, July 5). Types of work shift schedules. Career Trend. Retrieved https://careertrend.com/list-5790170-types-work-shift-schedules.html

Wright, K. P., Bogan, R. K., & Wyatt, J. K. (2013). Shift work and the assessment and management of shift work disorder (SWD). Sleep Medicine Reviews, 17, 41-54.

Published
2018-12-10
How to Cite
Long, S. W., Michael, F. L., & Hamidi, H. (2018). The Relationship Between Workers’ Health and Night Shift Work in Food Franchise Industry in Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia. Journal of Cognitive Sciences and Human Development, 4(2), 18-27. https://doi.org/10.33736/jcshd.1118.2018