The Relationship between Management Practices and Safety

  • Siew Lee Cheng
  • Florianna Lendai Michael
  • Hana Hamidi
  • Siti Mariam Abdullah

Abstract

Work-related accidents is a controversial topic in Malaysia as evidenced by the increased number of occupational accidents throughout the years. The purpose of this research is to examine the relationship between management practices and safety performance in an or-ganization. The four management practices investigated are (a) training, (b) management commitment, (c) communication and feedback, and (d) employee involvement. The most effective safety practice is also identified. The data was collected at a manufacturing com-pany located in Shah Alam, Malaysia using closed-ended questionnaire. 95 respondents from the production line were involved in this study. The result found that training had a very weak relationship to the safety performance while the management commitment, as well as the communication and feedback, revealed to have a weak impact on safety perfor-mance. On the other hand, the analysis showed that employee involvement is the most ef-fective safety practice to the safety performance, as it had a moderate impact on safety per-formance.


Keywords: Workplace health and safety; accidents; injuries; safety performance

References

Ali, H., Azimah Chew Abdullah, N., & Subramaniam, C. (2009). Management practice in safety culture and its influence on workplace injury: An industrial study in Malaysia. Disaster Prevention and Management: An International Journal, 18(5), 470-477. doi: 10.1108/09653560911003660

Amponsah-Tawiah, K., & Mensah, J. (2016). Occupational health and safety and organizational commitment: evidence from the Ghanaian mining industry. Safety and health at work, 7(3), 225-230. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1016/j.shaw.2016.01.002

Barbera, K. M. (2014). The Oxford handbook of organizational climate and culture. Oxford University Press.

Brown, K. A., Willis, P. G., & Prussia, G. E. (2000). Predicting safe employee behavior in the steel industry: Development and test of a sociotechnical model. Journal of Operations Management, 18(4), 445-465.

Chai, A. H. (2015). Impacts of selected economics shocks on Malaysian external sector. Retrieved from https://ir.unimas.my/12330/1/Impacts%20of%20selected%20economics%20shocks%20on%20Malaysian%20external%20sector%20(24pgs).pdf

Chandrasekar, K. (2011). Workplace environment and its impact on organisationa performance in public sector organisations. International Journal of Enterprise Computing and Business Systems, 1(1), 1-19.

Choudhry, R. M., Fang, D., & Ahmed, S. M. (2008). Safety management in construction: Best practices in Hong Kong. Journal of professional issues in engineering education and practice, 134(1), 20-32.

Christian, M. S., Bradley, J. C., Wallace, J. C., & Burke, M. J. (2009). Workplace safety: a meta-analysis of the roles of person and situation factors.

Christiansen, Bryan, Chandan, Harish C. (2017). Handbook of research on organizational culture and diversity in the workplace. IGI Global.

Clarke, S. (2006). Safety climate in an automobile manufacturing plant: The effects of work environment, job communication and safety attitudes on accidents and unsafe behaviour. Personnel Review, 35(4), 413-430.

Clarke, S. (2006). The relationship between safety climate and safety performance: a meta-analytic review.

Department of Occupational Safety and Health. (2017). Archive Statistics 2011-2017: Occupational accidents statistics by sector until December 2011-2017. Retrieved from http://www.dosh.gov.my/index.php/en/archive-statistics/2017

Department of Occupational Safety and Health. (2017). Occupational diseases and poisoning investigation. Retrieved from http://www.dosh.gov.my/index.php/en/occupational-diseases-and-poisoning-statistic

DeRoo, L. A., & Rautiainen, R. H. (2000). A systematic review of farm safety interventions. American journal of preventive medicine, 18(4), 51-62.

Dorji, K., & Hadikusumo, B. H. (2006). Safety management practices in the Bhutanese construction industry. Journal of Construction in Developing Countries, 11(2), 53-75.

Eakin, J. M. (1992). Leaving it up to the workers: sociological perspective on the management of health and safety in small workplaces. International Journal of Health Services, 22(4), 689-704.

Fernández-Muñiz, B., Montes-Peón, J. M., & Vázquez-Ordás, C. J. (2007). Safety culture: Analysis of the causal relationships between its key dimensions. Journal of safety research, 38(6), 627-641.

Griffin, M. A., & Neal, A. (2000). Perceptions of safety at work: a framework for linking safety climate to safety performance, knowledge, and motivation. Journal of occupational health psychology, 5(3), 347.

Guldenmund, F. W. (2010). Misunderstanding safety culture and its relationship to safety management. Risk analysis, 30(10), 1466-1480.

Guo, B. H., Yiu, T. W., & González, V. A. (2016). Predicting safety behavior in the construction industry: Development and test of an integrative model. Safety science, 84, 1-11.

Hatala, J. P., & Fleming, P. R. (2007). Making transfer climate visible: Utilizing social network analysis to facilitate the transfer of training. Human Resource Development Review, 6(1), 33-63.

Health and Safety Executive (HSE), 2002. Strategies to promote safe behaviour as part of a health and safety management system. Contract Research Report 430/2002, UK.

KH Hon, C., Hinze, J., & PC Chan, A. (2014). Safety climate and injury occurrence of repair, maintenance, minor alteration and addition works: A comparison of workers, supervisors and managers. Facilities, 32(5/6), 188-207.

Krejcie, R. V., & Morgan, D. W. (1970). Determining sample size for research activities. Educational and psychological measurement, 30(3), 607-610.

Kumar, R., Chelliah, T. D., Chelliah, M. K., & AMIN, A. F. B. M. (2012). An analysis on safety work culture in Malaysian manufacturing industry. BIOINFO Business Management, 2(1), 11-15.

Leigh, J. (2011). Economic burden of occupational injury and illness in the United States. The Milbank Quarterly, 89(4), 728-772.

Makin, A. M., & Winder, C. (2008). A new conceptual framework to improve the application of occupational health and safety management systems. Safety Science, 46(6), 935-948.

Mashi, M. S., Subramaniam, C., & Johari, J. (2018). The effect of management commitment to safety, and safety communication and feedback on safety behavior of nurses: the moderating role of consideration of future safety consequences. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 1-30.

Mearns, K., Whitaker, S. M., & Flin, R. (2003). Safety climate, safety management practice and safety performance in offshore environments. Safety science, 41(8), 641-680.

Mukaka, M. M. (2012). A guide to appropriate use of correlation coefficient in medical research. Malawi Medical Journal, 24(3), 69-71.

Nahrgang, J. D., Morgeson, F. P., & Hofmann, D. A. (2011). Safety at work: a meta-analytic investigation of the link between job demands, job resources, burnout, engagement, and safety outcomes. Journal of Applied Psychology, 96(1), 71.

Ng, A. (2017). Work in Malaysia: An uneven future? Retrieved from https://themalaysianreserve.com/2017/10/17/work-malaysia-uneven-future/

Nordlöf, H., Wiitavaara, B., Högberg, H., & Westerling, R. (2017). A Cross-sectional study of factors influencing occupational health and safety management practices in companies. Safety science, 95, 92-103.

Omotayo, A. O., & Adenike, A. A. (2013). Impact of organizational culture on human resource practices: a study of selected Nigerian private universities. Journal of Competitiveness, 5(4).

Ooshaksaraie, M., & Azadehdel, M. R. (2015). An Empirical Study of Safety Performance Assessment. International Journal of Occupational Hygiene, 6(4), 201-209.

Probst, T. M., & Estrada, A. X. (2010). Accident under-reporting among employees: Testing the moderating influence of psychological safety climate and supervisor enforcement of safety practices. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 42(5), 1438-1444.

Ratnasingam, J., Ioras, F., & Bennet, M. (2010). Determinants of workers health and safety in the Malaysian wooden furniture industry. Journal of Applied Sciences, 10(5), 425-430.

Reason, J. (2000). Human error: models and management. BMJ: British MedicaL Journal, 320(7237), 768.

Reason, J. T. (1997). Managing the risks of organisational accidents. Aldershot: Ashgate.

Said, S. M., Halim, Z. A., & Said, F. (2012). Workplace injuries in Malaysian manufacturing industries. Journal of Occupational Safety and Health, 21.

Sawhney, G., Cigularov, K. P., Chen, P., Dejoy, D., Huang, Y. H. E., Kelloway, E. K., & Scharf, T. (2011). Safety climate theory, measurement, and development: Establishing a five-year research agenda.

Schlesinger, D. (2017). FRA Training requirements. In 2017 Joint Rail Conference (pp. V001T06A002 - V001T06A008). American Society of Mechanical Engineers. Retrieved from http://proceedings.asmedigitalcollection.asme.org/proceeding.aspx?articleid=645420

Schlesinger, D. (2017). Organizational culture. In 2017 Joint Rail Conference (pp. V001T06A008-V001T06A015). American Society of Mechanical Engineers. Retrieved from http://proceedings.asmedigitalcollection.asme.org/proceeding.aspx?articleid=2645426

Smith‐Crowe, K., Burke, M. J., & Landis, R. S. (2003). Organizational climate as a moderator of safety knowledge–safety performance relationships. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 24(7), 861-876.

Sørensen, O. H., Hasle, P., & Bach, E. (2007). Working in small enterprises–is there a special risk? Safety Science, 45(10), 1044-1059.

Taufek, F. H. B. M., Zulkifle, Z. B., & Kadir, S. Z. B. A. (2016). Safety and health practices and injury management in manufacturing industry. Procedia economics and finance, 35, 705-712.

Toft, Y., Dell, G., Klockner, K., & Hutton, A. (2012). Models of causation safety. Retrieved from http://acquire.cqu.edu.au:8080/vital/access/manager/Repository/cqu:11582

Trading Economics. (2017). Malaysia GDP from manufacturing 2010-2017. Retrieved from https://tradingeconomics.com/malaysia/gdp-from-manufacturing Unnikrishnan, S., Iqbal, R., Singh, A., & Nimkar, I. M. (2015). Safety management practices in small and medi..................Column Break..................um enterprises in India. Safety and health at work, 6(1), 46-55.

Vinodkumar, M. N., & Bhasi, M. (2010). Safety management practices and safety behaviour: Assessing the mediating role of safety knowledge and motivation. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 42(6), 2082-2093.

Wachter, J. K., & Yorio, P. L. (2014). A system of safety management practices and worker engagement for reducing and preventing accidents: An empirical and theoretical investigation. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 68, 117-130. Retrieved from http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0001457513002972

Watson, G. W., Scott, D., Bishop, J., & Turnbeaugh, T. (2005). Dimensions of interpersonal relationships and safety in the steel industry. Journal of Business and Psychology, 19(3), 303-318.

Zakaria, Z., Hussin, Z. H., Noordin, N., & Zakaria, Z. (2010). Accidents at the construction site in northern area: Malaysian experienced. Management Science and Engineering, 4(3), 106-116.

Published
2018-11-01
How to Cite
Cheng, S. L., Michael, F. L., Hamidi, H., & Abdullah, S. M. (2018). The Relationship between Management Practices and Safety. Journal of Cognitive Sciences and Human Development, 4(1), 15-27. https://doi.org/10.33736/jcshd.1057.2018