Writers’ Awareness of Metadiscourse Features in Malaysian Business News

  • Chee Mei Hooi Faculty of Creative Industries, Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman
  • Helen Tan Faculty of Modern Languages and Communication, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia
  • Geok Imm Lee Faculty of Modern Languages and Communication, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia
  • Sharon Sharmini Victor Danarajan Faculty of Modern Languages and Communication, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia
Keywords: business news; linguistic resource; metadiscourse; Metadiscourse Awareness Test; writers


Metadiscourse is an important linguistic resource in business news because it guides readers throughout the text. Business news is vital to keep people abreast of how the economy affects job opportunities, how high or low interest rates may go, and whether layoffs are imminent in local industries. However, it is the news that people read the least because it is not engaging to them. The study aims to investigate The Star Online and Focus Malaysia business news writers’ awareness on the use of metadiscourse features. Metadiscourse Awareness Test was given to 10 business news writers from The Star Online and Focus Malaysia respectively. The findings showed that sequencers had the lowest mean score (M=2.334) for textual metadiscourse, while certainty markers had the lowest mean score (M=2.667) for interpersonal metadiscourse. Although The Star Online and Focus Malaysia writers exhibited the lowest mean score in identifying sequencers and certainty markers, they still demonstrated a high awareness in identifying all the categories of textual and interpersonal metadiscourse. The findings revealed the importance of metadiscourse features for the business news writers to fully utilise them in the news industry.

Author Biographies

Chee Mei Hooi, Faculty of Creative Industries, Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman

Department of Modern Languages and Assistant Professor

Helen Tan, Faculty of Modern Languages and Communication, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia

Department of English and Associate Professor

Geok Imm Lee, Faculty of Modern Languages and Communication, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia

Department of English and Senior Lecturer

Sharon Sharmini Victor Danarajan, Faculty of Modern Languages and Communication, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia

Department of English and Senior Lecturer


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How to Cite
Hooi, C. M., Tan, H., Lee, G. I., & Victor Danarajan, S. S. (2022). Writers’ Awareness of Metadiscourse Features in Malaysian Business News . Issues in Language Studies, 11(1), 165-182. https://doi.org/10.33736/ils.4480.2022