Pragmatic Functions of Insya Allah in Indonesian Speeches
Insya Allah has been part of the Indonesian language and culture for a long time. However, there were very few linguistics studies on the use of Insya Allah. This study aimed to analyse the use of Insya Allah in the Indonesian context using the pragmatic approach. A total of 100 utterances spoken by various speakers at various situations were collected. The study focused on identifying the types of speech acts performed by Insya Allah using Searle’s speech act taxonomy (Searle, 1979). At the second stage, the pragmatic functions of Insya Allah were identified using a combination of classifications used by Pishghadam and Kermananshahi (2012), Nazzal (2005), Ibrahim, Shah, and Armia (2013), and Mohamed Ali (2014). The findings showed that Insya Allah was a reliable marker for commissive and expressive speech acts. This study also found two additional pragmatic functions of Insya Allah which have not been identified in previous studies.
Alghazali, T. (2011). Insha'Allah (God's willing) and its functions in Arabic. Retrieved from https://www.academia.edu/12488637/Insha_Allah_God_s_Willing_and_its_Functions_in_Arabic
Argente, J. A., & Payrato, L. (1991). Towards a pragmatic approach to the study of languages in contact. Pragmatics, 1(4), 465-480.
Austin, J. L. (1975). How to do things with words. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
Blom, J. P., & Gumperz, J. J. (1972). Social meaning in linguistic structure: Code switching in Norway. In J. J. Gumperz, & D. Hymes (Eds.), Directions in Sociolinguistics (pp. 407-434). New York,NY: Holt, Rinehart and Winton.
Clift, R., & Helani, F. (2010). Inshallah: Religious invocations in Arabic topic transition. Language in Society, 39(03), 357-382.
Ibrahim, E. H. E., Shah, M. I. A., & Armia, N. T. (2013). Code-switching in English as a foreign language classroom: Teachers' attitudes. English Language Teaching, 6(7), 139.
Mohamed Ali, H. M. (2014). Islamo-English: A variety of English for the ummah. Research Journal of English Language and Literature, 2(3), 68-75.
Nazzal, A. R. (2005). The pragmatic functions of the recitation of Qur'anic verses by Muslims in their oral genre: The case of Insha' Allah, God's willing. Pragmatics, 15(2), 251-273.
Pishghadam, R., & Kermanshahi, P. N. (2012). Insha'Allah (God's willing) and its functions in Persian. Studies in Literature and Language, 4(1), 6-11.
Qadafi, A. M., & Wahyudi, R. (2014). Advertising language: A pragmatic approach to cigarette advertisements in Indonesia. Issues in Language Studies, 3(1), 1-14.
Searle, J. R. (1979). Expression and meaning: Studies in the theory of speech acts. Cambridge,UK: Cambridge University Press.
Susanto, D. (2006,February). Codeswitching in Islamic religious discourse: The role of Insha' Allah. Paper presented at Second Annual Rhizomes: Re-visioning Boundaries Conference of The School of Languages and Comparative Cultural Studies, Brisbane, Australia. Retrieved from https://espace.library.uq.edu.au/data/UQ_7714/ds_rhiz.pdf
Tim Penyusun Pusat Kamus. (2005). Kamus besar bahasa Indonesia [Main dictionary of Indonesian language]. Jakarta, Indonesia: Balai Pustaka.
Copyright Transfer Statement for Journal
1) In signing this statement, the author(s) grant UNIMAS Publisher an exclusive license to publish their original research papers. The author(s) also grant UNIMAS Publisher permission to reproduce, recreate, translate, extract or summarize, and to distribute and display in any forms, formats, and media. The author(s) can reuse their papers in their future printed work without first requiring permission from UNIMAS Publisher, provided that the author(s) acknowledge and reference publication in the Journal.
2) For open access articles, the author(s) agree that their articles published under UNIMAS Publisher are distributed under the terms of the CC-BY-NC-SA (Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-Share Alike 4.0 International License) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, for non-commercial purposes, provided the original work of the author(s) is properly cited.
3) For subscription articles, the author(s) agree that UNIMAS Publisher holds copyright, or an exclusive license to publish. Readers or users may view, download, print, and copy the content, for academic purposes, subject to the following conditions of use: (a) any reuse of materials is subject to permission from UNIMAS Publisher; (b) archived materials may only be used for academic research; (c) archived materials may not be used for commercial purposes, which include but not limited to monetary compensation by means of sale, resale, license, transfer of copyright, loan, etc.; and (d) archived materials may not be re-published in any part, either in print or online.
4) The author(s) is/are responsible to ensure his or her or their submitted work is original and does not infringe any existing copyright, trademark, patent, statutory right, or propriety right of others. Corresponding author(s) has (have) obtained permission from all co-authors prior to submission to the journal. Upon submission of the manuscript, the author(s) agree that no similar work has been or will be submitted or published elsewhere in any language. If submitted manuscript includes materials from others, the authors have obtained the permission from the copyright owners.
5) In signing this statement, the author(s) declare(s) that the researches in which they have conducted are in compliance with the current laws of the respective country and UNIMAS Journal Publication Ethics Policy. Any experimentation or research involving human or the use of animal samples must obtain approval from Human or Animal Ethics Committee in their respective institutions. The author(s) agree and understand that UNIMAS Publisher is not responsible for any compensational claims or failure caused by the author(s) in fulfilling the above-mentioned requirements. The author(s) must accept the responsibility for releasing their materials upon request by Chief Editor or UNIMAS Publisher.
6) The author(s) should have participated sufficiently in the work and ensured the appropriateness of the content of the article. The author(s) should also agree that he or she has no commercial attachments (e.g. patent or license arrangement, equity interest, consultancies, etc.) that might pose any conflict of interest with the submitted manuscript. The author(s) also agree to make any relevant materials and data available upon request by the editor or UNIMAS Publisher.