Finite Element Analysis of A Strengthened Beam Deliberating Elastically Isotropic And Orthotropic Cfrp Material
Using appropriate material properties for analyzing different models in academic and commercially available
finite element software is one of the main concerns for design engineers and researchers. This paper demonstrates the
importance of using appropriate material properties for the models to be considered by engineers during finite element
modelling. Two reinforced concrete (RC) beams strengthened with Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer (CFRP) strips are
investigated, considering the CFRP elements as elastically isotropic and orthotropic materials. To show the significance of
the selective material properties, all properties of the models are chosen to be exactly the same for the two beams except for
the CFRP strip. To validate the study, an RC beam is tested experimentally and the numerical results are compared to the
experimental test. The results show that CFRP with isotropic or orthotropic properties has no significant influence on beam
responses such as stresses, displacements and damage response under applied loadings.
Ghaedi K, Hejazi F, Ibrahim Z, Khanzaei P (2017). Flexible foundation effect on seismic analysis of Roller Compacted Concrete (RCC) dams using finite element method. KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering, 22(4), 1275-1287.
Ghaedi K, Javanmardi A, Gordan M, et al (2015). Application of 2d and 3d finite element modelling of gravity dams. In: The 3rd National Graduate Conference (NatGrad2015), Universiti Tenaga Nasional, Putrajaya Campus. 8-9
Ghaedi K, Jameel M, Ibrahim Z, Khanzaei P (2016). Seismic analysis of Roller Compacted Concrete (RCC) dams considering effect of sizes and shapes of galleries. KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering, 20(1), 261-272.
Khanzaei P, Abdulrazeg A a., Samali B, Ghaedi K (2015). Thermal and Structural Response of RCC Dams During Their Service Life. Journal of Therm Stress, 38(6), 591-609.
Hanif MU, Ibrahim Z, Jameel M, et al (2016). A new approach to estimate damage in concrete beams using non-linearity. Construction and Building Materials, 124(6), 1081-1089.
Almassri B, Mahmoud FAL, Francois R (2015). Behaviour of corroded Reinforced Concrete beams repaired with NSM CFRP rods, Experimental and Finite Element Study. Composites Part B: Engineering. 92, 477-488.
Kang J, Park Y, Park J, et al (2005). Analytical Evaluation of RC Beams Strengthened with Near Surface Mounted CFRP Laminates. International Concrete Abstracts Portal, 230, 779-794.
Hawileh RA (2012). Nonlinear finite element modeling of RC beams strengthened with NSM FRP rods. Construction and Building Materials. 27(1), 461-471.
Yu T, Teng JG (2010). Finite element modeling of confined concrete- I : Drucker - Prager type plasticity model. Engineering Structures. 32(3), 665-679.
Kaya M, Arslan AS (2009). Analytical modeling of post-tensioned precast beam-to-column connections. Materials & Design, 30(9), 3802-3811.
Obaidat YT, Heydena S, Dahlbloma O, Abu-Farsakhb G, Abdel-Jawad Y (2011). Retrofitting of reinforced concrete beams using composite laminates. Construction and Building Materials, 25(2), 591-597.
Narmashiri K, Sulong NHR, Zamin M (2012). Failure analysis and structural behaviour of CFRP strengthened steel I-beams. Construction and Building Materials. 30,1-9.
Ghafoori E, Motavalli M (2015). Lateral-torsional buckling of steel I-beams retrofitted by bonded and un-bonded CFRP laminates with different pre-stress levels : Experimental and numerical study. Construction and Building Materials, 76,194-206.
Fernando D (2012). Finite element analysis of debonding failures in CFRP-strengthened rectangular steel tubes subjected to an end bearing load. In: 6th International Conference on FRP Composites in Civil Engineering, pp 1-8
Heshmati M, Haghani R, Al-emrani M (2014). Design of FRP / steel Joints Bonded by Thick Adhesive Layers Experimental charachterization and numerical modelling using damage mechanics. In: The Second International Conference on Advances in Civil and Structural Engineering, CSE 2, At Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. pp 2-6
Teng JG, Huang YL, Lam L YL (2007). Theoretical model for fiber reinforced polymer-confined concrete. Journal of Composites for Construction, 11(2), 201-10.
Camata, G., Spacone, E. and Zarnic R (2007). Experimental and nonlinear finite element studies of RC beams strengthened with FRP plates. Composites Part B: Engineering, 38(2), 277-288
Hu, H.T., Lin, F.-M. and Jan YY (2006). Nonlinear finite element analysis of reinforced concrete beams strengthened by fiber-reinforced plastics. Composite Structures, 63(3-4), 271-281.
Ghaedi K, Jameel M, Ibrahim Z, Khanzaei P (2016). Seismic analysis of roller compacted concrete (RCC) dams considering effect of sizes and shapes of galleries. KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering, 20(1), 261-272.
Javanmardi A, Ibrahim Z, Ghaedi K, et al (2018). Seismic isolation retrofitting solution for an existing steel cable-stayed bridge. PLoS One 13:e0200482.
Ghaedi K, Ibrahim Z, Jameel M, et al (2018). Seismic Response Analysis of Fully Base-Isolated Adjacent Buildings with Segregated Foundations. Advances in Civil Engineering, 2018, 1-21.
Hanif MU, Ibrahim Z, Ghaedi K, et al (2018). Finite Element Simulation of Damage In RC Beams. Journal of Civil Engineering, Science and Technology, 9(1), 50-57.
Ghaedi K, Ibrahim Z, Adeli H, Javanmardi A (2017). Invited Review: Recent developments in vibration control of building and bridge structures. Journal of Vibroengineering, 19(5), 3564-3580.
Gordan M, Razak HA, Z. Ismail, Ghaedi K (2017). Recent developments in damage identification of structures using data mining. Latin American Journal of Solids and Structures, 14(13), 2373-2401.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Upon acceptance of an article, the corresponding author on behalf of all authors will be asked to complete and upload the Copyright Transfer Form (refer to Copyright Issues for more information on this) alongside the electronic proof file.
Copyright Transfer Statement for Journal
1) In signing this statement, the author(s) grant UNIMAS Publisher an exclusive license to publish their original research papers. The author(s) also grant UNIMAS Publisher permission to reproduce, recreate, translate, extract or summarize, and to distribute and display in any forms, formats, and media. The author(s) can reuse their papers in their future printed work without first requiring permission from UNIMAS Publisher, provided that the author(s) acknowledge and refer the publication in the Journal.
2) For open-access articles, the author(s) agree that their articles published under UNIMAS Publisher are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, for non-commercial purposes, provided the original work of the author(s) is properly cited.
3) For subscription articles, the author(s) agree that UNIMAS Publisher holds the copyright or an exclusive license to publish. Readers or users may view, download, print, and copy the content, for academic purposes, subject to the following conditions of use: (a) any reuse of materials is subjected to permission from UNIMAS Publisher; (b) archived materials may only be used for academic research; (c) archived materials may not be used for commercial purposes, which include but not limited to monetary compensation by means of sale, resale, license, transfer of copyright, loan, etc.; and (d) archived materials may not be re-published in any part, either in print or online.
4) The author(s) are responsible to ensure their submitted work is original and does not infringe any existing copyright, trademark, patent, statutory right, or propriety right of others. The corresponding author has obtained permission from all co-authors prior to submission to the journal. Upon submission of the manuscript, the author(s) agree that no similar work has been or will be submitted or published elsewhere in any language. If the submitted manuscript includes materials from others, the authors have obtained permission from the copyright owners.
5) In signing this statement, the author(s) declare that the researches which they have conducted comply with the current laws of the respective country and UNIMAS Journal Publication Ethics Policy. Any experimentation or research involving humans or the use of animal samples must obtain approval from the Human or Animal Ethics Committee in their respective institutions. The author(s) agree and understand that UNIMAS Publisher is not responsible for any compensational claims or failure caused by the author(s) in fulfilling the above-mentioned requirements. The author(s) must accept the responsibility for releasing their materials upon request by Chief Editor or UNIMAS Publisher.
6) The author(s) should have participated sufficiently in the work and ensured the appropriateness of the content of the article. The author(s) should also agree that they have no commercial attachments (e.g. patent or license arrangement, equity interest, consultancies, etc.) that might pose any conflict of interest with the submitted manuscript. The author(s) also agree to make any relevant materials and data available upon request by the editor(s) or UNIMAS Publisher.