Motorcycle Ownership Assessment and Estimation in Makurdi, North Central, Nigeria: A Multinomial Logit Model Approach

  • K. Gbagir
  • J. E. Etu
  • O. J. Oyedepo


With the rapid rise in problems associated with use of motorcycles as alternative means to inadequate public transportation, this study seeks to identify household factors influencing motorcycle ownership in Makurdi. The study estimates the influence of the various household factors identified and a model for predicting motorcycle ownership is developed for the study area. Data were collected via a questionnaire survey of 1412 households in the study area. The survey revealed that the number of motorcycles owned per household in the low density zone was 0.67 while that for the medium and high density zones was 0.62 and 0.79 respectively. The multinomial logit model developed predicted that 67% of households owned motorcycles as compared to 71% observed from survey data.  Severity applications of the model to test the effects of changing economic situations on motorcycle ownership showed that residents of the study area are more disposed to owning motorcycles in periods of recession than periods of economic boom. The study gives an understanding of motorcycle growth pattern and ownership characteristics in the study area and will therefore serve as a relevant input for planning, regulation and control of motorcycle activities in the study area.


Ajay Kumar (2011). Understanding the emerging role of motorcycles in African cities- A political economy perspective, SSATP Discussion paper, No. 13.

Gbadamosi K. T. (2006). "The Emergence of Motorcycle in Urban Transportation in Nigeria and Its Implication on Traffic Safety", Association for European Transport and contributors

Sinha, K.C. 2003. Sustainability and urban public transportation, Journal of Transportation Engineering 129(4): 331-341.

Dargay, J. 2002. Determinants of Car Ownership in Rural and Urban Areas: A Pseudo-Panel Analysis, Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review 38(5): 351-366.

Akogun K. (2008). Furore Over Helmet Law. This Day, January 1, 2008.

Chawki M. (2009). Nigeria Tackles Advance Fee Fraud. Journal of Information. Retrieved April 15, 2009. From

Pius C (2009). Okada Menace: Tricycle to the Rescue. Retrieved December 10, 2009 from

Nwakwo P. Okorie C. and Onyekachi O. (2008). Kidnapping: Political and Economic Motive. Christian Bulletin. 18(4). 56-72.

Effah, P. (2005). Why Kidnapping and Robbery? Nigeria Chronicles, November 16, 2009.

Oluwadiya, K. S., Oginni, L. M., Olaseinde, A. A. and Fadiora, S. O. (2004). Motorcycle limb injuries in a developing country. West Africa Journal Medicine. 3(1):42-47.

Oyesiku, O. K. (2012). Policy framework for urban motorcycle public transport system in Nigerian cities. Centre for Transport Studies, Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ago-Iwoye, Nigeria.

Oyedepo Joseph O. (2014). Assessment of Socio-Demographic Characteristics of Commercial Motorcyclist in Akure, Nigeria.

Adesanya, A. (1998). The use of Motorcycles for Public Transportation in Nigeria: The situation in Ibadan, NISER Monograph Series, No. 6.

Fasakin, J. O. (2001). "Some factors affecting daily profits of Commercial Motorcycles in Akure, Nigeria" Transport Policy, 8(1): 63-69.

Musilimu A. A. Oluwole A. (2014). The Level of Compliance of Commercial Motorcyclists to Traffic Rules on Urban Roads in South Western Nigeria. Journal of Educational and Social Research 4(3) 345-351

Yakubu, Ahmed Taruwere (2012). Determinants of Earnings among Commercial Motorcycle Operators in Kwara State, Nigeria. International Journal of Economics and Management Sciences. 2(2), 11-17

Oyedepo O. J., and Etu J. E. (2015). Binomial Logistic Regression Model of Household Motorcycle Ownership in Akure, Ondo State Nigeria. Journal of Transport Literature, 9(4), 40-44.

How to Cite
Gbagir, K., Etu, J. E., & Oyedepo, O. J. (2018). Motorcycle Ownership Assessment and Estimation in Makurdi, North Central, Nigeria: A Multinomial Logit Model Approach. Journal of Civil Engineering, Science and Technology, 9(2), Paper 3.