Finite Element Simulation of Damage In RC Beams

  • M. U. Hanif
  • Z. Ibrahim
  • K. Ghaedi
  • A. Javanmardi
  • S. K. Rehman


A concrete damage model has been incorporated in finite element code ABAQUS as concrete damaged plasticity model to examine the sensitivity of the damage, as ABAQUS has the model that is capable of stiffness degradation in cracking which is the basis of fracture mechanics. Nonlinear constitutive relationships for concrete and steel have been incorporated in the model. The static and dynamic response of the structure at 10 different damage levels is studied and the sensitivity of the damage model towards the presence of non-linearity has been discussed. The concrete damaged plasticity model is capable of predicting formation of cracks in concrete beams against any kind of loads, as the results match with the experimental results. It can be concluded that the concrete damaged plasticity is a versatile tool for modeling RC structures and careful choice of solution procedures for dynamic analysis can lead to accurate modeling of concrete using a few routine laboratory test results of the materials.


O. S. Salawu and C. Williams, "Review of full-scale dynamic testing of bridge structures," Eng. Struct., vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 113-121, Feb. 1995.

S. W. Doebling, C. R. Farrar, M. B. Prime, and others, "A summary review of vibration-based damage identification methods," Shock Vib. Dig., vol. 30, no. 2, pp. 91-105, 1998.

O. Salawu and C. Williams, "Damage location using vibration mode shapes," Proc. 12th Int. …, 1994.

A. Hillerborg, "Application of the fictitious crack model to different types of materials," Int. J. Fract., vol. 51, no. 2, pp. 95-102, 1991.

W. I. Hamad, J. S. Owen, and M. F. M. Hussein, "Modelling the degradation of vibration characteristics of reinforced concrete beams due to flexural damage," Struct. Control Heal. Monit., vol. 22, no. 6, pp. 939-967, Jun. 2015.

D. J. Carreira and K.-H. Chu, "Stress-Strain Relationship for Plain Concrete in Compression," J. Proc., vol. 82, no. 6, pp. 797-804, Nov. 1985.

A. Documentation, "ABAQUS Analysis User's Manual," Mater. Other Plast. Model. Concr., 2010.

J. Rodriguez Soler, F. J. Martinez Cutillas, and J. Marti Rodriguez, "Concrete constitutive model, calibration and applications," 2013 SIMULIA Community Conf., 2013.

R. W. Clough and J. Penzien, "Dynamics of structures," 1975.

B. L. Wahalathantri, D. P. Thambiratnam, T. H. T. Chan, and S. Fawzia, "A material model for flexural crack simulation in reinforced concrete elements using ABAQUS," in Proceedings of the First International Conference on Engineering, Designing and Developing the Built Environment for Sustainable Wellbeing, 2011, pp. 260-264.

S. A. Neild, P. D. McFadden, and M. S. Williams, "Damage Assessment in Concrete Beams Using Non-Linear Analysis of Vibration Measurements," Key Eng. Mater., vol. 245-246, pp. 557-564, Jul. 2003.

W. I. Hamad, J. S. Owen, and M. F. M. Hussein, "A flexural crack model for damage detection in reinforced concrete structures," J. Phys. Conf. Ser., vol. 305, no. 1, p. 012037, Jul. 2011.

D. A. Hordijk, "Tensile and tensile fatigue behaviour of concrete; experiments, modelling and analyses," Heron, vol. 37, no. 1, 1992.

W. I. Hamad, J. S. Owen, and M. F. M. Hussein, "An efficient approach of modelling the flexural cracking behaviour of un-notched plain concrete prisms subject to monotonic and cyclic loading," Eng. Struct., vol. 51, pp. 36-50, Jun. 2013.

M.U. Hanif et al., "A new approach to estimate damage in concrete beams using non-linearity," Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 124: pp. 1081-1089, 2016.

How to Cite
Hanif, M. U., Ibrahim, Z., Ghaedi, K., Javanmardi, A., & Rehman, S. K. (2018). Finite Element Simulation of Damage In RC Beams. Journal of Civil Engineering, Science and Technology, 9(1), 50-57.