The Effect of Reinforcement, Expanded Polystyrene (EPS) and Fly Ash On The Strength of Foam Concrete

  • Rosli M. F.
  • Rashidi A.
  • Ahmed E.
  • Sarudu N. H
Keywords: Foam Concrete, Wire Mesh, Fly Ash, Expanded Polystyrene (EPS), Strength


Foam concrete is a type of lightweight concrete. The main characteristics of foam concrete are its low density and thermal conductivity. Its advantages are that there is a reduction of dead load, faster building rates in construction and lower haulage and handling costs. This research was conducted to investigate the compressive strength and flexural strength of reinforced foam concrete. The use of fly ash and Expanded Polystyrene (EPS) as cement and sand replacement were also included in the production of reinforced foam concrete. There were two types of reinforcements used to reinforce the foam concrete namely plastic and wire mesh. Physical failure mode, compressive strength and flexural strength of samples were compared and analyzed. The replacement percentages for both fly ash and EPS were varied between 0-50% and 0-40% respectively. The study showed that it is feasible to reinforce the foam concrete and the best result was obtained from wire mesh reinforcement. The study also showed that the optimum replacement level for both fly ash and EPS was 30% based on compressive and flexural strength results.


Dolton, B. and Hannah (2006). Cellular concrete: Engineering and technological advancement for construction in cold climates. Proceeding of the 2006 Annual General Conference of the Canadian Society for Civil Engineering, May 23-26, Calgary Alberta, Canada, pp: 1-11.

Bouzoubaa N., Malhotra V. M. & Zhang M. H. (2001, October). Mechanical properties and durability of concrete made with high volume fly ash blended cements using a coarse fly ash. Cement and Concrete Research, 31(3), pp.1393-1402.

Nambiar, E. K. K., Ranjani, G. I. S. & Ramamurthy, K. (2009). A classification of studies on properties of foam concrete. Cement and Concrete Composites, 31, 388 - 396.

Ibrahim A., Muthu K.U., Puttappa C.G., Rudresh, &Raghavendra H.S., (2008). Mechanical properties of foamed concrete. ICCBT, 43, 491-500.

Jones M.R. & McCarthy A. (2005, February). Preliminary views on the potential of foamed concrete as a structural material. Concrete Research, 57(1), 21-31.

Jones M.R., McCarthy A., & McCarthy M.J. (2003, October). Moving fly ash utilisation in concrete forward: a UK perspective.

Abdul Rahman, M. Z. A., Ahmad Zaidi, A. M., & Abdul Rahman, I. (2010). Analysis of Comparison between Unconfined and Confined Condition of Foamed Concrete Under Uni-Axial Compressive Load. Engineering and Applied Sciences 3 (1), 62-72..

Abdulkadir K. & Demirboga R. (2007, April). Effect of cement and EPS bead ratio on compressive strength and density of lightweight concrete. Indian Journal of Engineering & Materials Sciences, 14, 158-162.

Babu, D. S. & Babu, K. G. (2003). Behavior of lightweight expanded polystyrene concrete containing silica fume. Cement and Concrete Research, 33, 755-762.

Babu, S. B., Babu, G. B., & Wee, T. H. (2005). Properties of lightweight expanded polystyrene aggregate concretes containing fly ash. Cement and Concrete Research, 35, 1218-1223.

How to Cite
M. F., R., A., R., E., A., & N. H, S. (2016). The Effect of Reinforcement, Expanded Polystyrene (EPS) and Fly Ash On The Strength of Foam Concrete. Journal of Civil Engineering, Science and Technology, 2(2), 1-7.