• Md. Jahir Uddin
  • Prokashon Chakma
  • S.M. Abdullah Al Faruq


This study investigated the water and bed levels together with thalweg profile variations in graphical and numerical analysis using MS Excel for the Ganges-Padma River between 1996 and 2014 at three different selected stations. It was found that there was no consistency in cross section profiles over the years. The cross section profiles varied rapidly at Mawa and Harding Bridge stations, whereas the changes at Baruria Transit were more consistent comparatively. The mean bed levels at Harding Bridge and Mawa stations gradually rose while at Baruria Transit station, it showed a dynamic behavior. Recently in most cases, the water and bed levels lowered or rose simultaneously, but in the years 1996 to 2009 they showed dissimilar patterns. The maximum water level variation was found at Harding Bridge station at 0.75m (rise). The shifting of thalweg points also varied significantly. The most frequent movement of thalweg vertically was found at Baruria Transit station and horizontally at Mawa station.


Hasan, M. S. and Islam, M. R. (2010). Suitability of Padma River Water for Domestic Supply in Rajshahi City Corporation Areas. ULAB Journal of Science and Engineering. 1(1). ISSN: 2079-4398.

Alea, Y. and Nazrul, I. M. (2011). Changing Trends of Channel Pattern of the Ganges-Padma River. International Journal of Geomatics and Geosciences. 2(2).

Shareful, H. and Akhtaruzzaman, A. F. M. (2010). Environmental Change Detection of the Padma River in the North-Western part of Bangladesh using Multi-date Landsat Data. Proc. of International Conference on Environmental Aspects of Bangladesh (ICEAB10). Japan, Sept. 2010.

Habibullah, M. (1987). Computer Modeling of River Chanel Changes in Alluvial Condition. First Interim Report R 02/87. IFCDR, BUET, Dhaka.

Ashraf, D., Robert, C., Saleem, A., Rahman, M.M., Haider, M. R., and Sarker, M. H. (2017). Assessing channel changes of the Ganges-Padma River system in Bangladesh using Landsat and hydrological data. Geomorphology. 276(2017): 257-279.

Ranga Raju, K. G. (1980). Aggradation and Degradation. Proceedings of the International Workshop on Alluvial River Problems. Roorkee, India. March 18-20.

Hossain, T. B. (1997). A study on Aggradation and Degradation of the Khowai River. M. Engg. Project, Dept. of the Water Resources Engineering, BUET, Dhaka.

Das, J.D., Dutta, T., Saraf, A.K. (2007). Remote sensing and GIS application in change detection of the Barak River channel. Journal of the Indian Society of Remote Sensing 35(4):301-312.

Das, J.D., Saraf, A.K. (2007). Technical note: remote sensing in the mapping of the Brahmaputra/Jamuna river channel patterns and its relation to various landforms and tectonic environment. International Journal of Remote Sensing. 28(16):3619-3631.

Pati, J.K., Lal, J., Prakash, K., Bhusan, R. (2008). Spatio-temporal shift of western bank of the Ganga River at Allahabad city and its implications. Journal of the Indian Society of Remote Sensing 36(3):289-297.doi:10.1007/s12524-008-0030-2.

Phillip, G., Gupta, R.P., Bhatatcharya, A.B. (1989). Channel migration studies in the middle Ganga basin, India using remote sensing. International Journal of Remote Sensing 10(6):1141-1149.

Imran, R. (2010). An assessment of water level and bed level variation in the Lower Meghna River. M. Engg. Project, Dept. of the Water Resources Engineering, BUET, Dhaka.

How to Cite
Uddin, M. J., Chakma, P., & Al Faruq, S. A. (2017). STUDY OF WATER AND BED LEVEL VARIATION IN THE GANGES-PADMA RIVER, BANGLADESH. Journal of Civil Engineering, Science and Technology, 8(2), 96-107.