REGIONAL RAINFALL FREQUENCY ANALYSIS FOR SAMARAHAN RIVER BASIN
In planning to mitigate flood, it is essential for engineers to determine the magnitude and frequency of rainfall. The rainfall frequency and magnitude can be determined by rainfall frequency analysis. This study analyzes the regional rainfall frequency of the Samarahan River basin. There are 12 rainfall stations over the 508km2 of basin area, of which 11 are included in this study. The rainfall frequency analyses of each individual station in Samarahan River basin are conducted using Gumbel distribution and Weibull plotting position formulas. The curves that are close to each other are grouped into the same region. Other factors such as topography, station elevation, type of rainfall distribution and isohyet are also considered in determining the region. Subsequently, a regional rainfall frequency map of Samarahan River basin is established. The findings show that Samarahan River basin can be divided into three homogenous regions. In comparison to previous research, there are changes in grouping the rainfall stations selected into regions. These changes may be due to different years of data used and number of rainfall stations selected since the data is limited. Dissimilar outcomes may also be caused by other factors such as nature change over time. This research updates the rainfall analysis of the Samarahan River basin using more adequate data compared to previous research.
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