WATER SUPPLY RESOURCES AND MANAGEMENT PRACTICES IN SARAWAK AND OTHER COUNTRIES
The rapid urbanization faced by Sarawak has raised the concern on whether the current water supply is
adequate to cater for the increasing demands in future. This study focuses on identifying the potential options of water
supply resources and management practices for Sarawak in future. The water supply resources and management practices
from other countries are reviewed as to provide guidance for Sarawak in improving their water supply resources and
management practices. The desk study is performed by collecting data and information from existing resources such as
internet, government agencies, journal papers, and published reports. In this study, five types of water resources were
considered to be used by studied countries including surface water, groundwater, desalinated water, rainwater and reclaimed
water. The usage of surface water is recorded as the highest among all resources for both in Sarawak and other countries. In
terms of water storage system, the difference between Sarawak and other countries are not significant as they adopted
almost the similar systems such as reservoir and well. Ideally, there are three proposed potential options regarding water
supply resources for Sarawak in future namely rainwater harvesting, desalinated water and reclaimed water. Nonetheless,
most of the management practices in other countries had already been practiced by Sarawak itself but may differ in terms of
technologies and method of applications. Thus, effective water resources management must be supported by understanding
of the availability of the resource itself in order to address the probable challenges in future.
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