• Nur Rasfina Mahyan
  • Onni Suhaiza Selaman


The rapid urbanization faced by Sarawak has raised the concern on whether the current water supply is

adequate to cater for the increasing demands in future. This study focuses on identifying the potential options of water

supply resources and management practices for Sarawak in future. The water supply resources and management practices

from other countries are reviewed as to provide guidance for Sarawak in improving their water supply resources and

management practices. The desk study is performed by collecting data and information from existing resources such as

internet, government agencies, journal papers, and published reports. In this study, five types of water resources were

considered to be used by studied countries including surface water, groundwater, desalinated water, rainwater and reclaimed

water. The usage of surface water is recorded as the highest among all resources for both in Sarawak and other countries. In

terms of water storage system, the difference between Sarawak and other countries are not significant as they adopted

almost the similar systems such as reservoir and well. Ideally, there are three proposed potential options regarding water

supply resources for Sarawak in future namely rainwater harvesting, desalinated water and reclaimed water. Nonetheless,

most of the management practices in other countries had already been practiced by Sarawak itself but may differ in terms of

technologies and method of applications. Thus, effective water resources management must be supported by understanding

of the availability of the resource itself in order to address the probable challenges in future.


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How to Cite
Mahyan, N. R., & Selaman, O. S. (2016). WATER SUPPLY RESOURCES AND MANAGEMENT PRACTICES IN SARAWAK AND OTHER COUNTRIES. Journal of Civil Engineering, Science and Technology, 7(2), 50-57. https://doi.org/10.33736/jcest.304.2016