Characterization of Early Pozzolanic Reaction of Calcium Hydroxide and Calcium Silicate Hydrate for Nanosilica Modified Cement Paste
This study intends to investigate the early pozzolanic reaction of Nanosilica (nS) modified cement paste (NMCP) by the characterization technique of Calcium Hydroxide (CH) and Calcium Silicate Hydrate (C-S-H ) using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FT-IR). NMCP samples were prepared with water-binder ratio of 0.50. nS of 5-15nm particle size were used as 1%, 3% ,5% ,7% and 10% replacement of cement by weight. All samples were cured in the concrete laboratory at daily room temperature (T) and relative humidity (RH) in the range of 18-28oC and 65-90%, respectively. Powdered samples were prepared and tested at day 1,7,21 and 28. It was found that characterization technique used were able to give satisfactory qualitative indication of pozzolanic reactivity of NMCP by the presence and absence of C-S-H and C-H that can indicate which replacement has higher pozzolanicity. NMCP exhibited a higher pozzolanic reactivity compare to conventional cement paste by which cement performance was enhanced.
Malhotra, V.M, "Making Concrete Greener with Fly Ash", Concrete International, Vol.21, No.5, May 1999, pp.61-66
Sololev, K., (2009). Engineering of Silica nano particles for optimal performance in nano cement based materials: Nano Technology in Construction, Proceedings of the NICOM3, Prague, 139-148.
V . Ershadi; T. Ebadi; A.R Rabano; L. Ershadi; H. Soltanian. (2011). The Effect of Nanosilica on Cement Matrix Permeability in Oil Well to Decrease the Pollution of Receptive Environment. International Journal of Environmental Science and Development vol. 2.
American Society for Testing and Material (ASTM) C-125, Standard terminology relating to concrete and concrete aggregates.
Larsen, G. "Microscopic Point Measuring: A Quantitative Petrographic Method of Determining the Ca(OH)2 Content of the Cement Paste in Concrete". Magazine of Concrete Research. 1961.
Ylemen, E.R., (2013) Early Hydration of Portland Cement - An Infrared Spectroscopy Perspective Complemented by Calorimeter and Scanning Electron Microscopy. Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden 2013.
Conjeand, M., and Boyer, H. (1980), Some Possibilities of Raman Microprobe in Cement Chemistry, Cem. Concr. Res., 10:61.
Upon acceptance of an article, the corresponding author on behalf of all authors will be asked to complete and upload the Copyright Transfer Form (refer to Copyright Issues for more information on this) alongside the electronic proof file.
Copyright Transfer Statement for Journal
1) In signing this statement, the author(s) grant UNIMAS Publisher an exclusive license to publish their original research papers. The author(s) also grant UNIMAS Publisher permission to reproduce, recreate, translate, extract or summarize, and to distribute and display in any forms, formats, and media. The author(s) can reuse their papers in their future printed work without first requiring permission from UNIMAS Publisher, provided that the author(s) acknowledge and refer the publication in the Journal.
2) For open-access articles, the author(s) agree that their articles published under UNIMAS Publisher are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, for non-commercial purposes, provided the original work of the author(s) is properly cited.
3) For subscription articles, the author(s) agree that UNIMAS Publisher holds the copyright or an exclusive license to publish. Readers or users may view, download, print, and copy the content, for academic purposes, subject to the following conditions of use: (a) any reuse of materials is subjected to permission from UNIMAS Publisher; (b) archived materials may only be used for academic research; (c) archived materials may not be used for commercial purposes, which include but not limited to monetary compensation by means of sale, resale, license, transfer of copyright, loan, etc.; and (d) archived materials may not be re-published in any part, either in print or online.
4) The author(s) are responsible to ensure their submitted work is original and does not infringe any existing copyright, trademark, patent, statutory right, or propriety right of others. The corresponding author has obtained permission from all co-authors prior to submission to the journal. Upon submission of the manuscript, the author(s) agree that no similar work has been or will be submitted or published elsewhere in any language. If the submitted manuscript includes materials from others, the authors have obtained permission from the copyright owners.
5) In signing this statement, the author(s) declare that the researches which they have conducted comply with the current laws of the respective country and UNIMAS Journal Publication Ethics Policy. Any experimentation or research involving humans or the use of animal samples must obtain approval from the Human or Animal Ethics Committee in their respective institutions. The author(s) agree and understand that UNIMAS Publisher is not responsible for any compensational claims or failure caused by the author(s) in fulfilling the above-mentioned requirements. The author(s) must accept the responsibility for releasing their materials upon request by Chief Editor or UNIMAS Publisher.
6) The author(s) should have participated sufficiently in the work and ensured the appropriateness of the content of the article. The author(s) should also agree that they have no commercial attachments (e.g. patent or license arrangement, equity interest, consultancies, etc.) that might pose any conflict of interest with the submitted manuscript. The author(s) also agree to make any relevant materials and data available upon request by the editor(s) or UNIMAS Publisher.