Jute Stick Powder: A new approach to efficient biosorbent for the simultaneous removal of Pb, Cr and Cd from waste water

  • Mohammad Nasir Uddin Department of Chemistry, University of Chittagong, Chittagong-4331, Bangladesh
  • Monir Uddin Department of Chemistry, University of Chittagong, Chittagong-4331, Bangladesh
  • Ibrahim Khalil Department of Chemistry, University of Chittagong, Chittagong-4331, Bangladesh
  • Jahangir Alam Department of Chemistry, University of Chittagong, Chittagong-4331, Bangladesh
  • A.K.M. Atique Ullah Analytical Chemistry Laboratory, Chemistry Division, Atomic Energy Centre Dhaka, Bangladesh Atomic Energy Commission, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh
Keywords: Biosorption, jute stick powder (JSP), Pb(II), Cr(III) and Cd(II) ions, isotherm, wastewater

Abstract

This research was aimed to evaluate the potential of biosorption technique in more realistic conditions that appeal to the industry by exploiting locally available biosorbents such as jute stick powder (JSP), an agricultural product, for the removal of toxic Pb(II), Cr(III) and Cd(II) ions from wastewater. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and Scanning electron micrographs (SEM) analysis proved that the surface of biosorbent was porous, with heterogeneous structures that contained high internal spaces. The removal efficiencies of the mixture of the target metals by JSP were optimized with respect to pH, initial metal concentration, shaking time and biomass dose. Biosorption performance of JSP in multiple metal systems was above 90 percent adsorption for tested metal ions. Biomass regeneration efficiencies up to 98% were achieved using acid as eluent. Sorption performance of the JSP as biosorbent was examined by classical adsorption equilibrium isotherms, kinetics in batch systems, and dynamic continuous flow studies. Batch sorption studies revealed that pseudo-first, pseudo-second-order, and Langmuir isotherm models were suitable to describe the metals sorption kinetics and equilibrium, respectively.

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Published
2020-10-30
How to Cite
Uddin, M. N., Monir Uddin, Ibrahim Khalil, Jahangir Alam, & A.K.M. Atique Ullah. (2020). Jute Stick Powder: A new approach to efficient biosorbent for the simultaneous removal of Pb, Cr and Cd from waste water. Journal of Applied Science & Process Engineering, 7(2), 611-630. https://doi.org/10.33736/jaspe.2641.2020