Developing a Hyperparameter Tuning Based Machine Learning Approach of Heart Disease Prediction

  • Emrana Kabir Hashi Assistant Professor, CSE, RUET
  • Md. Shahid Uz Zaman


Machine learning techniques are widely used in healthcare sectors to predict fatal diseases. The objective of this research was to develop and compare the performance of the traditional system with the proposed system that predicts the heart disease implementing the Logistic regression, K-nearest neighbor, Support vector machine, Decision tree, and Random Forest classification models. The proposed system helped to tune the hyperparameters using the grid search approach to the five mentioned classification algorithms. The performance of the heart disease prediction system is the major research issue. With the hyperparameter tuning model, it can be used to enhance the performance of the prediction models. The achievement of the traditional and proposed system was evaluated and compared in terms of accuracy, precision, recall, and F1 score. As the traditional system achieved accuracies between 81.97% and 90.16%., the proposed hyperparameter tuning model achieved accuracies in the range increased between 85.25% and 91.80%. These evaluations demonstrated that the proposed prediction approach is capable of achieving more accurate results compared with the traditional approach in predicting heart disease with the acquisition of feasible performance.