A Study of Solid Waste Generation in Residential College UNIMAS West Campus as Potential Renewable Energy
AbstractSolid waste management has become a critical issue faced by Malaysia due to the country’s rapid development, both in population and economic. The same goes to the tertiary education institutions, which also faced by Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, (UNIMAS). UNIMAS is a hostel provided campus, where the human traffic is considerably high. Everyday large amount of solid waste are produced by the residents of UNIMAS. Statistic data and percentage of solid waste produced by UNIMAS residents according to type have never been investigated. Therefore this study provides an insight of this kind of data for the purpose of future development in UNIMAS solid waste management. The type of solid waste produced by Residential College UNIMAS West Campus and its percentages and volume produced are discussed focusing on the solid waste that have potential energy value and recyclable materials. The data in terms of percentage and approximate amount of volume was applied in the calculation of the potential energy of the solid waste recovery according to the types. The result shows that the total potential amount of energy from solid waste produced by Residential College UNIMAS West campus could reach up to 14027.19 kJ/kg where the highest value that is 22.64% of energy content was contributed by Tun Ahmad Zaidi College.
UNIMAS Official Portal, Contemporary and Forward Looking: <http://www.unimas.my/index.php/en/headlines/100041-unimas-registers-highest-intake-of-students-since-inception>. Accessed on 15 August 2014.
Tchobanoglous, G., Eliassen, R., & Theisen, H. (1977). Solid wastes: engineering principles and management issues. McGraw-Hill, New York.
Iwan Budhiarta, Chamhuri Siwar, Hassan Basri (2012). Current Status of Municipal Solid Waste Generation in Malaysia. International Journal on Advanced Science Engineering Information Technology, Vol. 2, No 2.
Hopkins, E. M., & Urban Management Program. (1994). The life cycle of urban innovations. UNCHS (Habitat)/The World Bank/UNDP, Washington D.C.
Syed AlMunir M.Zarak and Adam, J. H (2009). Study on Generation and Composition of Solid Waste Produced in UNIMAS Cafeterias, UNIMAS E-Journal of Civil Engineering, Vol. 1, No. 1.
UNIMAS Official Portal, Contemporary and Forward Looking: <http://www.unimas.my/en/about-unimas-11267/background.html>. Accessed on 12 August 2014.
SECOFI (1985). Physical, Chemical and Biological Properties of MSW, Educational Slides: http://mebig.marmara.edu.tr/Enve330/Chapter4.pdf, Official Mexican Standard approved by the Committee of Environmental Protection, Mexico.
Takele Tadesse (2004). Solid wastes: engineering principles and management issues. McGraw-Hill, New York.
Copyright (c) 2014 Journal of Applied Science & Process Engineering
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Copyright Transfer Statement for Journal
1) In signing this statement, the author(s) grant UNIMAS Publisher an exclusive license to publish their original research papers. The author(s) also grant UNIMAS Publisher permission to reproduce, recreate, translate, extract or summarize, and to distribute and display in any forms, formats, and media. The author(s) can reuse their papers in their future printed work without first requiring permission from UNIMAS Publisher, provided that the author(s) acknowledge and reference publication in the Journal.
2) For open access articles, the author(s) agree that their articles published under UNIMAS Publisher are distributed under the terms of the CC-BY-NC-SA (Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-Share Alike 4.0 International License) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, for non-commercial purposes, provided the original work of the author(s) is properly cited.
3) For subscription articles, the author(s) agree that UNIMAS Publisher holds copyright, or an exclusive license to publish. Readers or users may view, download, print, and copy the content, for academic purposes, subject to the following conditions of use: (a) any reuse of materials is subject to permission from UNIMAS Publisher; (b) archived materials may only be used for academic research; (c) archived materials may not be used for commercial purposes, which include but not limited to monetary compensation by means of sale, resale, license, transfer of copyright, loan, etc.; and (d) archived materials may not be re-published in any part, either in print or online.
4) The author(s) is/are responsible to ensure his or her or their submitted work is original and does not infringe any existing copyright, trademark, patent, statutory right, or propriety right of others. Corresponding author(s) has (have) obtained permission from all co-authors prior to submission to the journal. Upon submission of the manuscript, the author(s) agree that no similar work has been or will be submitted or published elsewhere in any language. If submitted manuscript includes materials from others, the authors have obtained the permission from the copyright owners.
5) In signing this statement, the author(s) declare(s) that the researches in which they have conducted are in compliance with the current laws of the respective country and UNIMAS Journal Publication Ethics Policy. Any experimentation or research involving human or the use of animal samples must obtain approval from Human or Animal Ethics Committee in their respective institutions. The author(s) agree and understand that UNIMAS Publisher is not responsible for any compensational claims or failure caused by the author(s) in fulfilling the above-mentioned requirements. The author(s) must accept the responsibility for releasing their materials upon request by Chief Editor or UNIMAS Publisher.
6) The author(s) should have participated sufficiently in the work and ensured the appropriateness of the content of the article. The author(s) should also agree that he or she has no commercial attachments (e.g. patent or license arrangement, equity interest, consultancies, etc.) that might pose any conflict of interest with the submitted manuscript. The author(s) also agree to make any relevant materials and data available upon request by the editor or UNIMAS Publisher.
To download Copyright Transfer Statement for Journal, click here