Bote Central: Creating a Chain of Happiness for Philippine Coffee Farmers

  • Raymund B. Habaradas De La Salle University
  • Ian Benedict R. Mia De La Salle University
Keywords: Bote Central, Philippine Coffee Alliance, Coffee Industry, Inclusive Supply Chain

Abstract

The Philippine coffee industry is beset by a multitude of problems: declining land area planted to coffee, poor quality of coffee beans due to poor farm practices, and low productivity of coffee farmers who are unable to earn enough commensurate to their hard labor. As a result, Philippine coffee bean production has been on a decline for over a decade, in spite of the increasing local demand for coffee. In this paper, we illustrate how the different challenges faced by the Philippine coffee industry are closely interlinked, but are inadequately addressed by the fragmented efforts undertaken by government and the private sector. Utilizing a single-case (embedded) study research design, we demonstrate that a holistic and collaborative approach that targets critical leverage points in the coffee supply chain might be a viable approach to address the systemic nature of the problem. The case of Bote Central, particularly its Kape’t Buhay Program, highlights the importance of having a mechanism that effectively coordinates the efforts of the various players in the coffee supply chain towards a clear and compelling goal.

References

Asian Development Bank. (ADB) (2012). Evaluation knowledge study - Support for agricultural value chain development. Asian Development Bank.

Austin, J. (2000). The collaboration challenge: How nonprofits and businesses succeed through strategic alliances. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. https://doi.org/10.1177/0899764000291S004

Bureau of Plant Industry. (2017). 2017-2022 Philippine Coffee Industry Roadmap. http://bpi.da.gov.ph

Cahiles-Magkilat, B. (2017, September 25). DTI seeks to address supply chain gap in coffee industry. Manila Bulletin. https://business.mb.com.ph

Crismundo, K. (2018). Industry road map to boost production of PH coffee. https://www.pna.gov.ph/articles/1032353

Currie, D., Smith, C., & Jagals, P. (2018). The application of system dynamics modelling to environmental health decision-making and policy - A scoping review, BMC Public Health, 18, 402. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-018-5318-8

Department of Trade and Industry. (DTI) (2017). The Philippines in the coffee global value chain. http://industry.gov.ph/ wp-content/ uploads/2017/11/DTI-Policy-Brief-2017-10-The-Philippines-in-the-Coffee-Global-Value-Chain.pdf

Department of Trade and Industry. (DTI) (2018). Coffee value chain analysis and upgrading in R8. https://www.dti.gov.ph

Devaux, A., Torero, M., Donovan, J. & Horton, D. (2018). Agricultural innovation and inclusive value-chain development: A review, Journal of Agribusiness and Developing and Emerging Economies, 8(1), 99-123. https://doi.org/10.1108/JADEE-06-2017-0065

Dror, I., Cadilhon, J., Schut, M., Misiko, M. & Maheshwari, S. (2016). Innovation platforms for agricultural development: Evaluating the mature innovation platforms landscape. Routledge, London and New York, NY. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315646817

Eisenhardt, K. (1989). Building theories from case research. Academy of Management Review, 14(4), 532-550. https://doi.org/10.2307/258557

Habaradas, R. (2016). Social innovation in the Philippines: Pursuing SDGs through cross-sector partnerships. Asia-Pacific Tech Monitor, 33(3), 45-48. http://techmonitor.net/tm/images/9/96/16jul_sep_sf4.pdf

Habaradas, R. (2019). Innovative business models of social enterprises in the Philippines. Asia Research Policy, 18(2), 71-80. Korea Institute of S&T Evaluation and Planning (KISTEP).

Homer, J., & Hirsch, G. (2006). System dynamics modeling for public health: Background and opportunities, American Journal of Public Health, 96(3), 452-458. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2005.062059

Horton, D. (2012). Organizational change for learning and innovation. Agricultural Innovation Systems: An Investment Sourcebook. Washington: The World Bank.

Klerkx, L., Hall, A. & Leeuwis, C. (2009). Strengthening agricultural innovation capacity: are innovation brokers the answer?. International Journal of Agricultural Resources, Governance and Ecology, 8(5/6), 409-438. https://doi.org/10.1504/IJARGE.2009.032643

Meadows, D. (2008). Thinking in systems: A primer. Earthscan.

Philippine Coffee Board. (2018). Trading coffee. https://philcoffeeboard.com/ trading-coffee/

Schut, M., Andersson, J., Dror, I., Kamanda, J., Sartas, M., Mur, R., Kassam, S., Brouwer, H., Stoian, D., Devaux, A., Velasco, C., Gramzow, A., Dubois, T., Flor, R.J., Gummert, M., Buizer, D.,McDougall, C., Davis, K., Homann-Kee Tui, S. & Lundy, M. (2017). Innovation platforms in agricultural research for development: Guidelines for research, development, and funding agencies on how to design, budget, and implement successful innovation platforms. International Institute of Tropical Agriculture and Wageningen University. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0014479718000200

Sterman, J. (2001). System dynamics modeling: Tools for learning in a complex world. California Management Review, 43(4), 8-25. https://doi.org/10.2307/41166098

Sterman, J., Fiddaman, T., Frank, T., Jones, A., McCauley, S., Rice, P., Sawin, E., Siegel, L. (2013). Management flight simulators to support climate negotiations. Environmental Modelling & Software, 44, 122-135. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envsoft.2012.06.004

Swisher, M., Ruiz-Menjivar J., & Koenig, R. (2017). Value chains in renewable and sustainable food systems, Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems, 33(1), 1-5. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1742170517000667

United Nations Industrial Development Organization. (UNIDO) (2011). Pro-Poor Value Chain Development: 25 Guiding Questions for Designing and Implementing Agroindustry Projects. United Nations Industrial Development Organization, Vienna.

Westlake, M. (2014). Developing sustainable, green and inclusive agricultural value chains in the Caribbean and the Pacific Islands. CTA and the UN Food and Agriculture Organization.

Yin, R. (2009). Case study research: design and methods (4th ed.). Thousand Oaks, California: Sage Publications.

Yusuf, M. & Trondsen, T. (2014). Competitive forces and innovation strategies: a study of the Indonesian crab industries, Journal of Agribusiness in Developing and Emerging Economies, 4(1), 78-96. https://doi.org/10.1108/JADEE-02-2013-0008

Published
2021-08-12
How to Cite
Raymund B. Habaradas, & Ian Benedict R. Mia. (2021). Bote Central: Creating a Chain of Happiness for Philippine Coffee Farmers. International Journal of Business and Society, 22(2), 941-959. https://doi.org/10.33736/ijbs.3769.2021