• Mohd Firdaus Mohd Herrow Universiti Tun Hussien Onn Malaysia
  • Shahirman Sahalan College of Creative Arts, Universiti Teknologi MARA
  • Mohd Hatta Md Hani Centre for Diploma Studies, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia




Artificial Light, Bulb Technique, Light Painting, Light Tool, Slow Shutter Photography


This experimental research aims to create, modify, and combine existing light technology to produce artworks and images. Choosing appropriate light tools is crucial as each has its own strengths and weaknesses, which must be considered in line with the assignments or concepts. The research employs interviews, questionnaires, and experimentation to develop advanced photography techniques capable of revealing unknown scientific elements. The findings reveal six (6) interrelated categories that distinguish the light tools: brightness, colour, contrast, space, length, and power. The documented experiment on artificial light in producing light tools is key to these findings. This research contributes to the advancement of photography techniques and inspires readers to witness the resulting images based on creative ideas.


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How to Cite

Mohd Herrow, M. F., Sahalan, S., & Hatta Md Hani, M. (2023). ENHANCEMENT OF SLOW SHUTTER TECHNIQUE THROUGH A STRUCTURED EXPERIMENTAL CREATION OF LIGHT TOOLS. International Journal of Applied and Creative Arts, 6(1), 33–48. https://doi.org/10.33736/ijaca.5571.2023