The Iban Traditional Religion: Miring
This paper aims to discuss about the offering ceremony, which is one of the traditional cultures performed by the Iban in Sarawak. Miring is performed to give honor to their Gods (Petara), Holy Spirit (Orang Panggau & Bunsu Antu) and souls of their dead ancestors (Petara Aki-Ini) whom they invited to their various festivals. If the supernatural is not fed, they will not obtain the necessary kindness in which will cause disaster. The arrival of Christianity led to the fact that almost all the Iban left their pagan religion. At the same time, the Iban community today is less aware of the offering ceremony procedure. Fieldwork was carried out at several locations in Saratok, Betong, Sarawak. The data are collected through participant observation technique and through face-to-face interview with the informants. The interviewed informants were selected based on their expertise in the origins, customs and cultures of the Iban community. Results show that not all of the Iban perform the miring ceremony. Lack of ritual specialists and conversion to Christianity among the Iban are the causes of this ritual to be less performed. The Iban community today faces many challenges in maintaining and practicing the traditions inherited by their ancestors. Even though there are changes and differences of miring performed by the Iban community in Sarawak, their aims and needs remained the same, and that is to beg for the gods’ protection and avoid unwanted or bad thingsto happen.
Freeman, J. D. (1953). Family and Kin Amongst the Iban of Sarawak. Cambridge: University of Cambridge Press.
Jensen. E. (1974). The Iban and their Religion. London: Oxford at the Clarendon Press.
Jensen, E. (1966). The Iban World: An Introduction to the Iban Religious view of life and the place of writing therein. Kuching: Sarawak Museum Journal.
Kedit, P. M. (1980). Modernization among the Iban of Sarawak. Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka.
Kedit, P. M. (1988). Iban Cultural Heritage: An Overview of Iban Traditional Cultural Values and Social Norms and their Implications for Contemporary Sarawak. Kapit: Seminar Budaya Iban.
Kedit, P. M. (1989). Iban Traditional Values and Norms. Sarawak Museum Journal, XL, 5-9
Kedit, P. M. (1989). Iban Cultural Heritage. Sarawak Museum Journal, XL, 15-19.
Kedit, P. M. (1989). Iban Traditional Values and Norms. Sarawak Museum Journal.
Kedit, P. M. (1993). Iban Bejalai, Sarawak Literary Society, Ampang Press Sdn. Bhd.
Kedit, P. M. (1998). 150 years of the Anglican church in Borneo. Kuching: Bishop's House.
Roth, H. L. (1980). The Natives of Sarawak and Bristish North Borneo. Volume 1. Kuala Lumpur: University of Malaya Press.
Sandin, B. (1964). Raja Durong, Borneo Literature Bureau.
Sutlive, V. H. (2001). The Encyclopedia of Iban Studies, Vols. 1-4. Kuching: Tun Jugah Foundation.
Tugang, N. (2011). Tembikar Dalam Budaya Iban di Sarawak. Sarawak. Malaysia: Universiti Malaysia Sarawak.
Tugang, N. (2011). Ritual Kain Pua Dalam Budaya Iban di Sarawak, Tesis Ph.D., Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia: Akademi Pengajian Melayu.
Copyright (c) 2018 Bibiana Motey Bilon@Senang
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Copyright Transfer Statement for Journal
1) In signing this statement, the author(s) grant UNIMAS Publisher an exclusive license to publish their original research papers. The author(s) also grant UNIMAS Publisher permission to reproduce, recreate, translate, extract or summarize, and to distribute and display in any forms, formats, and media. The author(s) can reuse their papers in their future printed work without first requiring permission from UNIMAS Publisher, provided that the author(s) acknowledge and reference publication in the Journal.
2) For open access articles, the author(s) agree that their articles published under UNIMAS Publisher are distributed under the terms of the CC-BY-NC-SA (Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-Share Alike 4.0 International License) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, for non-commercial purposes, provided the original work of the author(s) is properly cited.
3) For subscription articles, the author(s) agree that UNIMAS Publisher holds copyright, or an exclusive license to publish. Readers or users may view, download, print, and copy the content, for academic purposes, subject to the following conditions of use: (a) any reuse of materials is subject to permission from UNIMAS Publisher; (b) archived materials may only be used for academic research; (c) archived materials may not be used for commercial purposes, which include but not limited to monetary compensation by means of sale, resale, license, transfer of copyright, loan, etc.; and (d) archived materials may not be re-published in any part, either in print or online.
4) The author(s) is/are responsible to ensure his or her or their submitted work is original and does not infringe any existing copyright, trademark, patent, statutory right, or propriety right of others. Corresponding author(s) has (have) obtained permission from all co-authors prior to submission to the journal. Upon submission of the manuscript, the author(s) agree that no similar work has been or will be submitted or published elsewhere in any language. If submitted manuscript includes materials from others, the authors have obtained the permission from the copyright owners.
5) In signing this statement, the author(s) declare(s) that the researches in which they have conducted are in compliance with the current laws of the respective country and UNIMAS Journal Publication Ethics Policy. Any experimentation or research involving human or the use of animal samples must obtain approval from Human or Animal Ethics Committee in their respective institutions. The author(s) agree and understand that UNIMAS Publisher is not responsible for any compensational claims or failure caused by the author(s) in fulfilling the above-mentioned requirements. The author(s) must accept the responsibility for releasing their materials upon request by Chief Editor or UNIMAS Publisher.
6) The author(s) should have participated sufficiently in the work and ensured the appropriateness of the content of the article. The author(s) should also agree that he or she has no commercial attachments (e.g. patent or license arrangement, equity interest, consultancies, etc.) that might pose any conflict of interest with the submitted manuscript. The author(s) also agree to make any relevant materials and data available upon request by the editor or UNIMAS Publisher.