The Prevalence of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Among the Faculty of Computer Science and Information Technology (FCSIT) Undergraduate Students in UNIMAS and Its Association with Computer Usage
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS) is the most common type of nerve entrapment and it is due to the compression of the median nerve which passes through the carpal tunnel in the wrist. Previous research had found that the development of CTS is related to the prolonged use and repetitive movement of the wrist such as typing. Thus, this research is conducted to determine the prevalence of CTS among the Faculty of Computer Science and Information Technology (FCSIT) undergraduate students in UNIMAS and its association with computer usage. To achieve the objective, a quantitative cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the prevalence of CTS and its association with computer use among UNIMAS FCSIT undergraduate students. The data was collected by distributing a self-administrated questionnaire through online platforms. The questionnaire contained 4 main sections, which consist of the respondent demographic information, respondent’s computer usage and knowledge on computer ergonomics, Patient Rated Wrist Evaluation (PRWE) and Boston Carpal Tunnel Syndrome questionnaire. The collected data were analysed by using SPSS statistical software version 21. According to the results, a total of 338 responses from UNIMAS FCSIT students with a mean age of 22.04 were collected; 59.5% of the respondents were females and 40.5% were males. Among the 338 respondents, about 90.8% were healthy with no pre-existing medical condition while only 3.8% of them were diagnosed with CTS prior to this study. Next, most of the respondents had average knowledge on computer ergonomics (28.4%). According to the PRWE result, most of the respondents had minimal pain (44.1%). Next, for the BCTQ severity score result, most of the respondents showed minimal CTS symptoms (42%) while for the BCTQ function score, up to 60.7% of the respondents did not show CTS symptoms. Other findings of our study showed that there was no relation between CTS and computer usage either in terms of daily duration on computer use, years on computer use or knowledge on computer ergonomics. To conclude, there is minimal correlation between computer usage and the risk of developing CTS.
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