Implementation of Retro-Futurism Style in Architectural Building Design for 3D Animation



When we heard Retro design, people will think about the fashion, music, poster, style and trend of the 1940s to1980s. The trend retro-futurism, however, is entirely different. It is a trend that was created by writers, artists and film directors in the past and is closely related to science fiction. This research concentrates on investigating the characteristics of retro-futurism and how it can be used to incorporate its features into building design for 3D animation. An exploratory method was used to analyse the architectural design of the past. The gathered information could give some insights and understanding of what retro-futurism is and the reason behind why the architectural design in the previous era was created that way. The process and challenges of implementing retro-futurism visual style are also discussed. As the result of the collected data, developing a design with the aesthetic of retro-futurism become more accessible and well-planned.
Keyword: Animation, Retro-futurism, 3D modelling, Art movement, Art period, Exploratory method


Anderson, G. (1964). Thunderbirds. USA: ITC Entertainment.

Berman, R., & Braga, B. (2001). Star Trek: Enterprise. USA: Paramount Pictures.

Besson, L. (1997). The Fifth Element. USA: Columbia Pictures.

Boym, S. (1996). Estrangement as a lifestyle: Shklovsky and Brodsky. Poetics Today, 17(4), 511-530. Retrieved from

Coyle, R., & Mesker, A. (2013). Time warp: Sonic retro-futurism in The Jetsons. In K. J. Donnelly & P. Hayward (Eds.), Music in Science Fiction Television: Tuned to the Future (1st ed., pp. 14-32). New York, NY: Routledge.

Elle, R. (2016). How to Conduct Exploratory Research. [Online]. Retrieved May 24, 2018, from

Graham, S. (2016). Vertical noir: Histories of the future in urban science fiction. City, 20(3), 389-406.

Groening, M. (1999). Futurama. USA: 20th Television.

Grönholm, P. (2015). When tomorrow began yesterday: Kraftwerk's nostalgia for the past futures. Popular Music and Society, 38(3), 372-388.

Guffey, E. (2014). Crafting yesterday's tomorrows: Retro-futurism, steampunk, and the problem of making in the twenty-first century. Journal of Modern Craft, 7(3), 249-266.

Hanna, W., & Barbera, J. (1962). The Jetsons. USA: Warner Bros.

Lang, F. (1927). Metropolis. Germany: Ufa.

Lucas, T. & Abd Rahim, R. (2017). The similarities and nuances of explicit design characteristics of well-received online instructional animations. Animation. 12(1). 80-99.

Pamglobe. (2015). 828 meters /Tower Burj Khalifa Dubai. Retrieved July 26, 2018, from

Scott, R. (1982). Blade Runner. USA: Warner Bros.

Sharp, S. (2011). Nostalgia for the future: Retrofuturism in Enterprise. Science Fiction Film & Television, 4(1), 25-40.

Sisson, P. (2015). Meet Syd Mead, the artist who illustrates the future. Retrieved July 26, 2018, from

Wachowski, L., & Wachowski, L. (1999). The Matrix. USA: Warner Bros.

Whitworth, R. (2013). This is Shanghai. Retrieved July 26, 2018, from

How to Cite
SIAN, S. A., & LUCAS, T. (2018). Implementation of Retro-Futurism Style in Architectural Building Design for 3D Animation. Trends in Undergraduate Research, 1(1), d1-8.
Applied and Creative Arts