A Brief Review of the Nutritive Value and Chemical Components of Bat Guano and Its Potential Use as a Natural Fertiliser in Agriculture

Bat guano as a natural fertiliser in agriculture

  • SITI-SYAMIM NURFATIHAH ABD RAHMAN Faculty of Resource Science and Technology, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, 94300, Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia
  • ROBERTA CHAYA TAWIE TINGGA Centre for Pre-University Studies, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, 94300, Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6739-656X
  • MOHAMAD FHAIZAL MOHAMAD BUKHORI Centre for Pre-University Studies, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, 94300, Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7395-7036
  • SHARIFAH MONA ABD AZIZ ABDULLAH Centre for Pre-University Studies, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, 94300, Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2014-3266
Keywords: Bat guano, chemical composition, fertiliser, manure, plant growth


New and improved fertilisers are constantly being introduced to the market to help increase crop yields. However, the common usage of chemical fertilisers had brought upon negative impacts to the environment and the study for sustainable fertiliser is still ongoing. This review will highlight the usage of bat guano as a valuable fertiliser which has a potential to diminish the effects of chemical fertiliser usage, increase yield and is cost effective. Its role as a fertiliser can support the agricultural growth and in turn provides additional care for plants. The chemical compositions of guano which was found to be subpar with other fertilisers support its usage of guano as an alternative for crop yield enhancement. Plant growth performance that shows a significant positive impact of guano on crops, further demonstrates its usage as organic fertilisers. In-depth study of the chemical composition of guano should be pursued as the fertiliser has high beneficial value to the ecology and economy.


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How to Cite
SITI-SYAMIM NURFATIHAH ABD RAHMAN, ROBERTA CHAYA TAWIE TINGGA, MOHAMAD FHAIZAL MOHAMAD BUKHORI, & SHARIFAH MONA ABD AZIZ ABDULLAH. (2023). A Brief Review of the Nutritive Value and Chemical Components of Bat Guano and Its Potential Use as a Natural Fertiliser in Agriculture. Borneo Journal of Resource Science and Technology, 13(1), 22-31. https://doi.org/10.33736/bjrst.5100.2023