Potential of Trichoderma and AMF Mixture with Different Types of Fertiliser for Durio zibethinus Murray (Durian) and Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam. (Jackfruit) Growth
Over the years, the co-inoculation of Trichoderma and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) with different types of fertiliser in a field condition has been understudied. This study explores the potential of Trichoderma and AMF mixture (T-AMF) with different types of fertiliser for plant growth with the objectives to: (i) analyse the growth of Durio zibethinus and Artocarpus heterophyllus fertilised with different types of fertiliser and inoculated with T-AMF and (ii) determine the optimal combination of organic and chemical fertiliser with T-AMF. A randomized complete block design was applied using seven treatments namely, 50 g organic fertiliser (OF) + T-AMF, 100 g OF + T-AMF, 50 g chemical fertiliser (CF) + T-AMF, 100 g CF + T-AMF, 100 g OF, 100 g CF, and control (without fertiliser and T-AMF). The growth analysis of D. zibethinus showed the highest mean height was at 100 g OF with T-AMF, stem diameter at 100 g CF with T-AMF, and the number of leaves at 50 g CF with T-AMF. For A. heterophyllus, the highest mean height and stem diameter was at 50 g OF with T-AMF and the number of leaves at 100 g OF with T-AMF. The optimal combination of fertiliser with T-AMF for D. zibethinus’ height was 100 g OF and number of leaves was 50 g CF. The optimal combination of fertiliser with T-AMF for A. heterophyllus’ height and stem diameter was 50 g OF. The optimal combination for its number of leaves was 100 g OF with T-AMF. This concludes that the application of fertiliser with T-AMF reacted differently to plant species and their growth parameters. The co-inoculation of Trichoderma and AMF may present a cheaper and sustainable alternative, especially when the planting scale is huge.
Babu, A.G., Shea, P.J. & Oh, B.T. (2014). Trichoderma sp. PDR1-7 promotes Pinus sylvestris reforestation of lead-contaminated mine tailing sites. Science of The Total Environment, 476-477: 561-567.
Barman, J., Samanta, A., Saha, B. & Datta, S. (2016). Mycorrhiza: The oldest association between plant and fungi. Resonance, 21(12): 1093-1104.
Barua, S., Molla, A.H., Haque, M.M. & Alam, M.S. (2018). Performance of Trichoderma-enriched bio-organic fertiliser in N supplementation and bottle gourd production in field condition. Horticulture International Journal, 2(3): 106-114.
Begum, N., Qin, C., Ahanger, M.A., Raza, S., Khan, M.I., Ashraf, M., Ahmed, N. & Zhang, L. (2019). Role of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in plant growth regulation: Implications in abiotic stress tolerance. Frontiers in Plant Science, 10: 1068.
Berruti, A., Lumini, E., Balestrini, R. & Bianciotto, V. (2016). Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi as natural biofertilisers: Let’s benefit from past successes. Frontiers in Microbiology, 6(1559): 1.
Castilo, A.G., Puig, C.G. & Cumagun, C.J.R. (2019). Non-synergistic effect of Trichoderma harzianum and Glomus spp. in reducing infection of Fusarium Wilt in banana. Pathogens, 8(43): 1-8.
Danarto, S.A. & Budiharta, S. (2019). Tree species preference and rehabilitation perspective by local community: Case study in Bondowoso, East Java, Indonesia. Asian Journal of Forestry, 3(2): 54-63.
Dehariya, K., Shukla, A., Sheikh, I.A. & Vyas, D. (2015). Trichoderma and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi based biocontrol of Fusarium udum Butler and their growth promotion effects on pigeon pea. Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology, 17(2): 505-517.
dos Santos, M.F., dos Santos, L.E., da Costa, D.L., Viera, T.A. & Lustosa, D.C. (2020). Trichoderma spp. on treatment of Handroanthus serratifolius seeds: Effect on seedling germination and development. Heliyon, 6: e04044.
Duaja, M.D., Kartika, E. & Lizawati, L. (2019). Application of indigenous AMF from ex-coal mining soil combined with phosphorus fertilisers to improved oil palm seedling growth (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.). Biogenesis: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi, 7(1): 38.
Duc, N.H., Mayer, Z., Pek, Z., Helyes, L. & Posta, K. (2017). Combined inoculation of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, Pseudomonas fluorescens and Trichoderma spp. for enhancing defense enzymes and yield of three pepper cultivars. Plant Ecology, 4(2): 359-368.
Gao, C., Ahmed, M.E.S., Dina, F.I.A., Yousef, A.H., Hiba, S. & Mohamed, S.S. (2020). The integration of bio and organic fertilisers improve plant growth, grain yield, quality and metabolism of hybrid maize (Zea mays L.). Agronomy, 10(319): 1-25.
Goswami, C. & Chacrabati, R. (2015). Jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophylus). In Simmonds, M.S.J. & Victor, R.P. (Eds.), Nutritional composition of fruit cultivars. United States of America: Elsevier Inc. Pp. 317-335.
Haddad, P.E., Leite, L.G., Lucon, C.M.M. & Harakava, R. (2017). Selection of Trichoderma spp. strains for the control of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum in soybean. Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira, 52 (12): 1140-1148.
Halifu, S., Deng, X., Song, X. & Song, R. (2019). Effects of two Trichoderma strains on plant growth,rhizosphere soil nutrients, and fungal community of Pinus sylvestris var. mongolica annual seedlings. Forests, 10(758): 1-17.
Igiehon, N.O. & Babalola, O.O. (2017). Biofertilisers and sustainable agriculture: Exploring arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, 101: 4871-4881.
Joshi, D., Singh, P., Lal, A.K.S.R.J. & Tripathi, N. (2016). Antifungal potential of metabolites from Trichoderma sp. against Colletotrichum falcatum went causing red rot of sugarcane. Sugar Tech, 18(5): 529-536.
Karličić, V., Golubović, Ć.V. & Raičević, V. (2016). The alleviation of reforestation challenges by beneficial soil microorganisms. Reforesta, 1(1): 238-260.
Ketsa, S., Wisutiamonkul, A., Palapol, Y. & Paull, R.E. (2020). The durian: Botany, horticulture, and utilization. Horticultural Reviews, 47(1): 125-211.
Lagos, C., Larsen, J., Fuentes, A., Herrera, H., García-Romera, I., Campos-Vargas, R. & Arriagada, C. (2021). Inoculation of Triticum aestivum L. (poaceae) with plant-growth-promoting fungi alleviates plant oxidative stress and enhances phenanthrene dissipation in soil. Agronomy, 11(3): 411-427.
Matrood, A.A.A., Khrieba, M.I. & Okon, O.G. (2020). Synergistic interaction of Glomus mosseae T. and Trichoderma harzianum R. in the induction of systemic resistance of Cucumis sativus L. to Alternaria alternata (Fr.) K. Plant Science Today, 7(1): 101-108.
McLean, K.L., Hunt, J. & Stewart, A. (2001). Compatibility of the biocontrol agent Trichoderma harzianum C52 with selected fungicides. New Zealand Plant Protection, 54: 84-88.
Nieto-Jacobo, M.F., Steyaert, J.M., Salazar-Badillo, F.B., Nguyen, D.V., Rostás, M., Braithwaite, M., De Souza, J.T., Jimenez-Bremont, J.F., Ohkura, M., Stewart, A. & Mendoza-Mendoza, A. (2017). Environmental growth conditions of Trichoderma spp. affects indole acetic acid derivatives, volatile organic compounds, and plant growth promotion. Frontier Plant Science, 8(102): 1-18.
Omomowo, I. O., Fadiji, A. E. & Omomowo, O. I. (2018). Assessment of bio-efficacy of Glomus versiforme and Trichoderma harzianum in inhibiting powdery mildew disease and enhancing the growth of cowpea. Annals of Agricultural Sciences, 63(1): 9-17.
Orwa, C., Mutua, A., Kindt, R., Jamnadass, R. & Simons, A. (2009). Agroforestree Database: A tree reference and selection guide version 4.0. http://apps.worldagroforestry.org/treedb2/AFTPDFS/Durio_zibethinus.PDF
Patil, H.J. & Solanki, M.K. (2016). Microbial inoculant: Modern era of fertilisers and pesticides. In P.R. Singh D., Singh H. (Ed.), Microbial Inoculants in Sustainable Agricultural Productivity (1st ed.). New Dehli, India: Springer. Pp. 319-343.
Rubio, M.B., Quijada, N.M., Pérez, E., Domínguez, S., Monte, E. & Hermosa, R. (2014). Identifying beneficial qualities of Trichoderma parareesei for plants. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 80(6): 1864-1873.
Shashtri, T., Tiwari, V., Kolla, A.P., Bajpai, R., Sinha, K. & Kolla, V. (2020). Arbuscular mycorrhizae fungi a potential eco-friendly tool for sustainable agriculture under changing climatic conditions/ in biotic and abiotic stress conditions. Revista de la Asociación Colombiana de Ciencias Biológicas, 32: 63-76.
Strid, A., Cross, A. & Jenkins, J. (2018). Captan general fact sheet, National Pesticide Information Center, Oregon State University. npic.orst.edu/factsheets/captangen.html.
Szczałba, M., Kopta, T., Gąstoł, M. & Sękara, A. (2019). Comprehensive insight into arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, Trichoderma spp. and plant multilevel interactions with emphasis on biostimulation of horticultural crops. Journal of Applied Microbiology, 127(3): 630-647.
Ważny, R., Rozpądek, P., Jędrzejczyk, R.J., Śliwa, M., Stojakowska, A., Anielska, T. & Turnau, K. (2018). Does co-inoculation of Lactuca serriola with endophytic and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi improve plant growth in a polluted environment? Mycorrhiza, 28(3): 235-246.
Xie, X., Hu, W., Fan, W., Chen, H. & Tang, M. (2019). Interactions between phosphorus, zinc, and iron homeostasis in nonmycorrhizal and mycorrhizal plants. Frontiers in Plant Science, 10: 1172.
Zhang, F., Huo, Y., Xu, X., Hu, J., Sun, X., Xiao, Y. & Zhang, Y. (2018). Trichoderma improves the growth of Leymus chinensis. Biology and Fertility of Soils, 54(6): 685-696.
Copyright (c) 2022 Borneo Journal of Resource Science and Technology
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Copyright Transfer Statement for Journal
1) In signing this statement, the author(s) grant UNIMAS Publisher an exclusive license to publish their original research papers. The author(s) also grant UNIMAS Publisher permission to reproduce, recreate, translate, extract or summarize, and to distribute and display in any forms, formats, and media. The author(s) can reuse their papers in their future printed work without first requiring permission from UNIMAS Publisher, provided that the author(s) acknowledge and reference publication in the Journal.
2) For open access articles, the author(s) agree that their articles published under UNIMAS Publisher are distributed under the terms of the CC-BY-NC-SA (Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-Share Alike 4.0 International License) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, for non-commercial purposes, provided the original work of the author(s) is properly cited.
3) For subscription articles, the author(s) agree that UNIMAS Publisher holds copyright, or an exclusive license to publish. Readers or users may view, download, print, and copy the content, for academic purposes, subject to the following conditions of use: (a) any reuse of materials is subject to permission from UNIMAS Publisher; (b) archived materials may only be used for academic research; (c) archived materials may not be used for commercial purposes, which include but not limited to monetary compensation by means of sale, resale, license, transfer of copyright, loan, etc.; and (d) archived materials may not be re-published in any part, either in print or online.
4) The author(s) is/are responsible to ensure his or her or their submitted work is original and does not infringe any existing copyright, trademark, patent, statutory right, or propriety right of others. Corresponding author(s) has (have) obtained permission from all co-authors prior to submission to the journal. Upon submission of the manuscript, the author(s) agree that no similar work has been or will be submitted or published elsewhere in any language. If submitted manuscript includes materials from others, the authors have obtained the permission from the copyright owners.
5) In signing this statement, the author(s) declare(s) that the researches in which they have conducted are in compliance with the current laws of the respective country and UNIMAS Journal Publication Ethics Policy. Any experimentation or research involving human or the use of animal samples must obtain approval from Human or Animal Ethics Committee in their respective institutions. The author(s) agree and understand that UNIMAS Publisher is not responsible for any compensational claims or failure caused by the author(s) in fulfilling the above-mentioned requirements. The author(s) must accept the responsibility for releasing their materials upon request by Chief Editor or UNIMAS Publisher.
6) The author(s) should have participated sufficiently in the work and ensured the appropriateness of the content of the article. The author(s) should also agree that he or she has no commercial attachments (e.g. patent or license arrangement, equity interest, consultancies, etc.) that might pose any conflict of interest with the submitted manuscript. The author(s) also agree to make any relevant materials and data available upon request by the editor or UNIMAS Publisher.