Preference of Broiler Chicken for Cassava-Moringa Based Diet
The poultry industry is under pressure from the rising cost of imported feed ingredients. In order for the industry to be profitable and sustainable, it has to reduce the cost of production by using locally available feedstuff. A study was carried out to evaluate feed preference of broiler chicken for cassava root chip, for three diets made by mixing different proportion in percentage of cassava root chip and ground Moringa leaf (90:10, 80:20, 70:30) and compare it to the preference for commercial starter diet. These diets were offered as free choice to five 20-days old chicken, one at a time over a period of five days. The three feed preference criteria assessed were (i) the visiting frequency to each diet station, (ii) time spent feed at each diet station, and (iii) amount of different treatment diet consumed. The hypothesis is that the preferred food will be visited more often; the chicken will spend longer time feeding on it and therefore consume it more. We found that broiler chicken consumed cassava root chip the least (2 g), visited it less often (9 visits) and spent less time (3.5 minutes) feeding on it. In contrast, feed consumption (6.12 g) and time spent (17 minutes) was highest for mixed diet containing 80% cassava and 20% Moringa leaf meal. Visiting frequency was highest for commercial starter diet (29 visits) and second highest (24 visits) for mixed diet of 80% cassava: 20% Moringa and 70% cassava: 30% Moringa. It is concluded that broiler chicken preferred the diet containing 80% cassava root chip and 20% Moringa leaf meal among all diets on offer.
Abdurofi, I., Ismail, M.M., Kamal, H.A.W. & Gabdo, B.H. (2017). Economic analysis of broiler production in Peninsular Malaysia. International Food Research Journal, 24(2): 761-766.
AOAC Official Method 945.16 (2005). Official Methods of Analysis of AOAC INTERNATIONAL, 18th Ed., AOAC INTERNATIONAL, Gaithersburg
Bhuiyan, M.M. & Iji, P.A. (2015). Energy value of cassava products in broiler chicken diets with or without enzyme supplementation. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 28(9): 1317–1326.
Bin, S. & Chen, X. (2020). Current status and potential of Moringa oleifera leaf as an alternative protein source for animal feeds. Frontiers in Veterinary Science, 7: 53.
Chauynarong, N., Elangovan, A.V. & Iji, P. (2009). The potential of cassava products in diets for poultry. World's Poultry Science Journal, 65(1): 23-36.
Chagneau, A.M., Bessonneau, D., Bouchot, C., Lescoat, P., Picard, M. & Lessire, M. (2006). Broiler short-term feed preferences measured with SRAbox, a new feed choice procedure. Poultry Science, 85: 808–815.
Dragičević, V., Sredojević, S., Perić, V., Kovinčić, A. & Srebrić, M. (2011). Validation study of a rapid colorimetric method for the determination of phytic acid and inorganic phosphorus from seeds. Acta Periodica Technologica, 42: 11-21.
Department of Veterinary Malaysia. (2020). Selected Agricultural Indicators, Malaysia 2020.
Ferlito, C. (2020). The Poultry Industry and Its Supply Chain in Malaysia: Challenges from the Covid-19 Emergency. DOI:10.13140/RG.2.2.23221.91367
Garcia, M. & Dale, N. (1999). Cassava root chip for poultry. Journal of Applied Poultry Research, 8: 132-137
Gentle, M.J. (1971). Taste and its importance to the domestic chicken. British Poultry Science, 12(1): 77-86.
Gerhardt Analytical System (nd). Crude fibre determination in animal feed: FibreBag application based on standards AOAC 962.09 and ISO 6865. www.gerhardt.de/en/know-how/application-notes/crude-fiber-determination-in-animal-feed. Downloaded 20/6/2022
Hirschmann, R. (2021). Meat consumption per capita in Malaysia in 2021, by type. https://www.statista.com/statistics/malaysia-meat-consumption-per-capita-by-type/ Downloaded: 20/6/2022
Mahfuz, S. & Piao, X.S. (2019). Application of moringa (Moringa oleifera) as natural feed supplement in poultry diets. Animals, 9(7): 431.
Makkar, H.P.S. & Becker, K. (1997). Nutrients and antiquality factors in different morphological parts of the Moringa oleifera tree. The Journal of Agricultural Science, 128(3): 311-322.
Meier, J.S., Kreuzer, M. & Marquardt, S. (2012). Design and methodology of choice feeding experiments with ruminant livestock. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 140: 105-120.
Morgan, N K. & Choct, M. (2016). Cassava: Nutrient composition and nutritive value in poultry diets. Animal Nutrition, 2(4): 253-261.
Nazmi, M.S., Dardak, R.A., Rani, R.A. & Rabu, M.R. (2021). Benchmarking Indonesia for the development of grain corn industry in Malaysia. https://ap.fftc.org.tw/article/2782
National Research Council (1994). Nutrient Requirements of Poultry. 9th Revised edition. Washington, D.C., National Academy Press.
Neves, D.P., Banhazi, T.M. & Nääs, I.A. (2014). Feeding behaviour of broiler chickens: a review on the biomechanical characteristics. Brazilian Journal of Poultry Science, 16(2): 1-16.
Olugbemi, T.S., Mutayoba, S.K. & Lekule, F.P. (2010). Effect of Moringa (Moringa oleifera) inclusion in cassava-based diets fed to broiler chickens. International Journal of Poultry Science, 9(4): 363-367.
Renaud, P.E. & Peterson, C.H. (1989). Analysis of feeding preference experiments. Oecologia, 80: 82-86.
Roura, E., Baldwin, M.W. & Klasing, K.C. (2013). The avian taste system: potential implications in poultry nutrition. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 180(1-4): 1-9.
Salami, R.I. & Odunsi, A.A. (2018a). Carcass characteristics and serum metabolites of finishing broiler chickens fed 8% crude fibre diets at three energy levels with or without enzyme. Ghana Journal of Agricultural Science, 53: 73-83.
Salami, R.I. & Odunsi, A.A. (2018b). Crude fibre versus Roxazyme® G2G inclusion levels in sub optimum energy diets for broiler chickens: performance and carcass characteristics at 8 weeks of age. International Journal of Agriculture and Biosciences, 7(1): 36-42.
Santos, T.T.D., Dassi, S.C., Franco, C.R., da Costa, C.R., Lee, S. A. & da Silva, A. V. F. (2019). Influence of fibre and betaine on development of the gastrointestinal tract of broilers between hatch and 14 d of age. Animal Nutrition, 5(2): 163-173.
Sebola, N.A., Mlambo, V., Mokoboki, H.K. & Muchenje, V. (2015). Growth performance and carcass characteristics of three chicken strains in response to incremental levels of dietary Moringa oleifera leaf meal. Livestock Science, 178: 202-208.
Siong, T.E., Choo, K.S. & Shahid, S.M. (1989). Determination of calcium in foods by the atomic absorption spectrophotometric and titrimetric methods. Pertanika, 12(3): 303-311.
Thiex, N.J., Manson, H., Anderson, S. & Persson, J.Å. (2002). Determination of crude protein in animal feed, forage, grain, and oilseeds by using block digestion with a copper catalyst and steam distillation into boric acid: collaborative study. Journal of AOAC International, 85(2): 309-317.
Thirumalaisamy, G., Muralidharan, J., Senthilkumar, S., Hema Sayee, R. & Priyadharsini, M. (2016). Cost-effective feeding of poultry. International Journal of Science, Environment and Technology, 5(6): 3997-4005.
Wu, D., Cai, Z., Wei, Y., Zhang, C., Liang, G. & Guo, Q. (2013). Research advances in moringa as a new plant protein feed. Chinese Journal of Animal Nutrition, 25(3): 503-511.
Copyright (c) 2022 Borneo Journal of Resource Science and Technology
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Copyright Transfer Statement for Journal
1) In signing this statement, the author(s) grant UNIMAS Publisher an exclusive license to publish their original research papers. The author(s) also grant UNIMAS Publisher permission to reproduce, recreate, translate, extract or summarize, and to distribute and display in any forms, formats, and media. The author(s) can reuse their papers in their future printed work without first requiring permission from UNIMAS Publisher, provided that the author(s) acknowledge and reference publication in the Journal.
2) For open access articles, the author(s) agree that their articles published under UNIMAS Publisher are distributed under the terms of the CC-BY-NC-SA (Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-Share Alike 4.0 International License) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, for non-commercial purposes, provided the original work of the author(s) is properly cited.
3) For subscription articles, the author(s) agree that UNIMAS Publisher holds copyright, or an exclusive license to publish. Readers or users may view, download, print, and copy the content, for academic purposes, subject to the following conditions of use: (a) any reuse of materials is subject to permission from UNIMAS Publisher; (b) archived materials may only be used for academic research; (c) archived materials may not be used for commercial purposes, which include but not limited to monetary compensation by means of sale, resale, license, transfer of copyright, loan, etc.; and (d) archived materials may not be re-published in any part, either in print or online.
4) The author(s) is/are responsible to ensure his or her or their submitted work is original and does not infringe any existing copyright, trademark, patent, statutory right, or propriety right of others. Corresponding author(s) has (have) obtained permission from all co-authors prior to submission to the journal. Upon submission of the manuscript, the author(s) agree that no similar work has been or will be submitted or published elsewhere in any language. If submitted manuscript includes materials from others, the authors have obtained the permission from the copyright owners.
5) In signing this statement, the author(s) declare(s) that the researches in which they have conducted are in compliance with the current laws of the respective country and UNIMAS Journal Publication Ethics Policy. Any experimentation or research involving human or the use of animal samples must obtain approval from Human or Animal Ethics Committee in their respective institutions. The author(s) agree and understand that UNIMAS Publisher is not responsible for any compensational claims or failure caused by the author(s) in fulfilling the above-mentioned requirements. The author(s) must accept the responsibility for releasing their materials upon request by Chief Editor or UNIMAS Publisher.
6) The author(s) should have participated sufficiently in the work and ensured the appropriateness of the content of the article. The author(s) should also agree that he or she has no commercial attachments (e.g. patent or license arrangement, equity interest, consultancies, etc.) that might pose any conflict of interest with the submitted manuscript. The author(s) also agree to make any relevant materials and data available upon request by the editor or UNIMAS Publisher.