The Oils from Stems, Leaves and Roots of Elephantopus scaber Linn.

  • Mohd Alhafiizh Zailani
  • Fasihuddin Badruddin Ahmad
Keywords: Compositae, Elephantopus scaber, essential oil, herbs, GC-MS


The oil from stems, leaves and roots of Elephantopus scaber Linn. were extracted by solvent maceration
technique. The percentage yield oil from stems, leaves and roots are 0.001%, 0.003% and 0.04%, respectively.
The stem oil gives major constituents of pentacosane (12.3%), lupenyl acetate (11.7%) and fern-7-en-3β-ol
(11.0%), while the leaf oil contains isooctyl phthalate (19.2%), hexadecanoic acid (15.0%) and α-linolenic acid
(5.0%) as the major components. The major constituents identified in the root oil are hemellitol (11.6%), octyl
phthalate (6.0%), 1-nonadecanol (5.6%) and 1-octadecanol (5.5%). There were only three compounds detected
and identified in all three parts of the plant, namely decanedioic acid, bis-(2-ethylhexyl)ester, dotriacontane and
pentacosane. The oils were analysed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometer and the compounds were
identified by comparison with the mass spectral fragmentation pattern database.


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How to Cite
Zailani, M. A., & Badruddin Ahmad, F. (2016). The Oils from Stems, Leaves and Roots of Elephantopus scaber Linn. Borneo Journal of Resource Science and Technology, 6(1), 46-49.